Psalms 140:1-13 . The style of this Psalm resembles those of David in the former part of the book, presenting the usual complaint, prayer, and confident hope of relief.
1. evil man--Which of David's enemies is meant is not important.
2-5. This character of the wicked, and the devices planned against the pious, correspond to Psalms 10:7 , 31:13 , 58:4 , &c.
3. sharpened . . . like a serpent--not like a serpent does, but they are thus like a serpent in cunning and venom.
5. snare [and] net--for threatening dangers (compare Psalms 38:12 , 57:6 ).
6. (Compare Psalms 5:1-12 , 16:2 ).
7. day of battle--literally, "of armor," that is, when using it.
8. (Compare Psalms 37:12 , 66:7 ).
lest they exalt themselves--or, they will be exalted if permitted to prosper.
9. Contrasts his head covered by God ( Psalms 140:7 ) with theirs, or (as "head" may be used for "persons") with them, covered with the results of their wicked deeds ( Psalms 7:16 ).
10. (Compare Psalms 11:6 , 120:4 ).
cast into the fire; into deep pits--figures for utter destruction.
11. an evil speaker--or, "slanderer" will not be tolerated ( Psalms 101:7 ). The last clause may be translated: "an evil (man) He (God) shall hunt," &c.
12. (Compare Psalms 9:4 ).
13. After all changes, the righteous shall have cause for praise. Such
shall dwell--shall sit securely, under God's protection ( Psalms 21:6 , 41:12 ).