Psalms 142:1-7 . When he was in the cave--either of Adullam ( 1 Samuel 22:1 ), or En-gedi ( 1 Samuel 24:3 ). This does not mean that the Psalm was composed in the cave, but that the precarious mode of life, of which his refuge in caves was a striking illustration, occasioned the complaint, which constitutes the first part of the Psalm and furnishes the reason for the prayer with which it concludes, and which, as the prominent characteristic, gives its name.
1. with my voice--audibly, because earnestly.
2. (Compare Psalms 62:8 ).
I poured out my complaint--or, "a sad musing."
3. thou knewest . . . path--The appeal is indicative of conscious innocence; knowest it to be right, and that my affliction is owing to the snares of enemies, and is not deserved (compare Psalms 42:4 , 61:2 ).
4. Utter desolation is meant.
right hand--the place of a protector ( Psalms 110:5 ).
cared for--literally, "sought after," to do good.
6. (Compare Psalms 17:1 ).