1 John 5:19

Of God (ek tou qeou). See John 3:10 ; John 4:6 for this idiom. Lieth in the evil one (en twi ponhrwi keitai). Present middle indicative of the defective verb keimai, to lie, as in Luke 2:12 . Ponhrwi is masculine, like o ponhro in verse 1 John 5:18 . This is a terrible picture of the Graeco-Roman world of the first century A.D., which is confirmed by Paul in Romans 1 and 2 and by Horace, Seneca, Juvenal, Tacitus.