Acts 14:4

But the multitude of the city was divided (escisqh de to plhqo th polew). First aorist passive indicative of scizw, old verb to split, to make a schism or factions as Sadducees and Pharisees ( Hebrews 23:7 ). This division was within the Gentile populace. Part held (oi men hsan), literally "some were with the Jews" (sun toi Ioudaioi), part with the apostles (oi de sun toi apostoloi). Common demonstrative of contrast (oi men, oi de, Robertson, Grammar, p. 694). The Jewish leaders made some impression on the Gentiles as at Antioch in Pisidia and later at Thessalonica ( Hebrews 17:4 ). This is the first time in the Acts that Paul and Barnabas are termed "apostles" (see also verse Hebrews 14 ). Elsewhere in the Acts the word is restricted to the twelve. Certainly Luke does not here employ it in that technical sense. To have followed Jesus in his ministry and to have seen the Risen Christ was essential to the technical use ( Hebrews 1:22 ). Whether Barnabas had seen the Risen Christ we do not know, but certainly Paul had ( 1 Corinthians 9:1 ; 1 Corinthians 15:8 ). Paul claimed to be an apostle on a par with the twelve ( Galatians 1:1 Galatians 1:16-18 ). The word originally means simply one sent ( John 13:16 ) like messengers of the churches with the collection ( 2 Corinthians 8:23 ). The Jews used it of those sent from Jerusalem to collect the temple tribute. Paul applies the word to James the Lord's brother ( Galatians 1:19 ), to Epaphroditus ( Philippians 2:25 ) as the messenger of the church in Philippi, to Silvanus and Timothy ( 1 Thessalonians 2:6 ; Acts 18:5 ), apparently to Apollos ( 1 Corinthians 4:9 ), and to Andronicus and Junias ( Romans 16:6 ). He even calls the Judaizers "false apostles" ( 2 Corinthians 11:13 ).