An onset (ormh). A rush or impulse as in James 3:4 . Old word, but only twice in the N.T. (here and James). It probably denotes not an actual attack so much as the open start, the co-operation of both Jews and Gentiles (the disaffected portion), "with their rulers" (sun toi arcousin autwn), that is the rulers of the Jewish synagogue ( James 13:27 ). The city officials would hardly join in a mob like this, though Hackett and Rackham think that the city magistrates were also involved as in Antioch in Pisidia ( James 13:50 ). To entreat them shamefully (ubrisai). First aorist active infinitive of ubrizw, old verb to insult insolently. See Matthew 22:6 ; Luke 18:32 . To stone (liqobolhsai). First aorist active infinitive of liqobolew, late verb from liqobolo (liqo, stone, ballw, to throw) to pelt with stones, the verb used of the stoning of Stephen ( Luke 7:58 ). See on "Mt 21:35". The plan to stone them shows that the Jews were in the lead and followed by the Gentile rabble. "Legal proceedings having failed the only resource left for the Jews was illegal violence" (Rackham).