Did not God choose? (ouc o qeo exelexato;). Affirmative answer expected. First aorist middle (indirect, God chose for himself) indicative of eklegw, the very form used by Paul three times of God's choice in 1 Corinthians 1:27 . As to the world (twi kosmwi). The ethical dative of interest, as the world looks at it as in Acts 7:20 ; 1 Corinthians 1:18 ; 2 Corinthians 10:4 ; James 4:4 . By the use of the article (the poor) James does not affirm that God chose all the poor, but only that he did choose poor people ( Matthew 10:23-26 ; 1 Corinthians 1:26-28 ). Rich in faith (plousiou en pistei). Rich because of their faith. As he has shown in 1 Corinthians 1:9 . Which he promised (h epeggeilato). Genitive of the accusative relative hn attracted to the case of the antecedent basileia (the Messianic kingdom), the same verb and idea already in 1 Corinthians 1:12 (ephggeilato). Cf. the beatitude of Jesus in Matthew 5:3 for the poor in spirit.