And angels (aggelou de). The second example in Jude, the fallen angels, accusative case after tethrhken (perfect active indicative of threw, for which verb see 2 Peter 2:42 Peter 2:7 ) at the end of the verse (two emphatic positions, beginning and end of the clause). Kept not (mh thrhsanta). First aorist active participle with negative mh, with play on "kept not" and "he hath kept." Principality (archn). Literally, "beginning," "rule," (first place of power as in 1 Corinthians 15:24 ; Romans 8:38 ). In Acts 10:11 it is used for "corners" (beginnings) of the sheet. In Ephesians 6:12 the word is used for evil angels. See Deuteronomy 32:8 . Both Enoch and Philo (and Milton) discuss the fallen angels. But left (alla apoliponta). Second aorist active participle of apoleipw, old verb, to leave behind ( 2 Timothy 4:132 Timothy 4:20 ). Their own proper habitation (to idion oikhthrion). Old word for dwelling-place (from oikhthr, dweller at home, from oiko), in N.T. only here and 2 Corinthians 5:2 (the body as the abode of the spirit). In everlasting bonds (desmoi aidioi). Either locative (in) or instrumental (by, with). Aidio (from aei, always), old adjective, in N.T. only here and Romans 1:20 (of God's power and deity). It is synonymous with aiwnio ( Matthew 25:46 ). Mayor terms aidio an Aristotelian word, while aiwnio is Platonic. Under darkness (upo zopon). See 2 Peter 2:4 for zopo. In Wisd. 17:2 we find desmioi skotou (prisoners of darkness). Great (megalh). Not in 2 Peter 2:9 , which see for discussion.