When he had looked round on them with anger (periblepsameno autou met orgh). Mark has a good deal to say about the looks of Jesus with this word ( Matthew 3:5 Matthew 3:34 ; Matthew 5:37 ; Matthew 9:8 ; Matthew 10:23 ; Matthew 11:11 ) as here. So Luke only once, Luke 6:10 . The eyes of Jesus swept the room all round and each rabbinical hypocrite felt the cut of that condemnatory glance. This indignant anger was not inconsistent with the love and pity of Jesus. Murder was in their hearts and Jesus knew it. Anger against wrong as wrong is a sign of moral health (Gould). Being grieved at the hardness of their hearts (sunlupoumeno epi th pwrwsei th kardia autwn). Mark alone gives this point. The anger was tempered by grief (Swete). Jesus is the Man of Sorrows and this present participle brings out the continuous state of grief whereas the momentary angry look is expressed by the aorist participle above. Their own heart or attitude was in a state of moral ossification (pwrwsi) like hardened hands or feet. Pwro was used of a kind of marble and then of the callus on fractured bones. "They were hardened by previous conceptions against this new truth" (Gould). See also on Matthew 12:9-14 .