Matthew 6:16

Of a sad countenance (skuqrwpoi). Only here and Luke 24:17 in the N.T. It is a compound of skuqro (sullen) and op (countenance). These actors or hypocrites "put on a gloomy look" (Goodspeed) and, if necessary, even "disfigure their faces" (apanizousin ta proswpa autwn), that they may look like they are fasting. It is this pretence of piety that Jesus so sharply ridicules. There is a play on the Greek words apanizousi (disfigure) and panwsin (figure). They conceal their real looks that they may seem to be fasting, conscious and pretentious hypocrisy.