What advantage then hath the Jew? (ti oun to perisson tou Ioudaiou?). Literally, "What then is the overplus of the Jew?" What does the Jew have over and above the Gentile? It is a pertinent question after the stinging indictment of the Jew in chapter 2. The profit (h wpelia). The help. Old word, only here in N.T. See Mark 8:36 for wpelei, the verb to profit.