Romans 9:22

Willing (qelwn). Concessive use of the participle, "although willing," not causal, "because willing" as is shown by "with much long-suffering" (en pollh makroqumiai, in much long-suffering). His power (to dunaton autou). Neuter singular of the verbal adjective rather than the substantive dunamin. Endured (hnegken). Constative second aorist active indicative of the old defective verb perw, to bear. Vessels of wrath (skeuh orgh). The words occur in Jeremiah 50:25 (LXX Jer 27:25), but not in the sense here (objective genitive like tekna orgh, Ephesians 2:3 , the objects of God's wrath). Fitted (kathrtismena). Perfect passive participle of katartizw, old verb to equip (see Matthew 4:21 ; 2 Corinthians 13:11 ), state of readiness. Paul does not say here that God did it or that they did it. That they are responsible may be seen from 1 Thessalonians 2:15 . Unto destruction (ei apwleian). Endless perdition ( Matthew 7:13 ; 2 Thessalonians 2:3 ; Philippians 3:19 ), not annihilation.

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