11:2 And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than they all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia.
11:3 And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will.
The spirit of prophecy here returns to that which more immediately concerned Daniel and his royal masters--the near future of the empire in which he was so great a personage. Four kings were yet to follow in Media-Persia. Then will come Alexander the "mighty king" of Grecia (v.3). The division of Alexander's empire into four parts (v.4) as already predicted Daniel 8:22 is foretold. The troublous course of affairs in two parts of the disintegrated Alexandrian empire, Syria and Egypt, is then traced down to verse 20. Here Antiochus Epiphanes, the "little horn" of Chapter 8., occupies the vision down to verse 36. His pollution of the sanctuary is again mentioned. (Cf) (See Scofield "Daniel 8:9") . From verse 36 the interpretation is of the final "little horn" Daniel 7:8 Daniel 7:24-26 See Scofield " Daniel 11:35 ".
fourth Xerxes, who invaded Greece BC 483-480.
11:5 And the king of the south shall be strong, and one of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion shall be a great dominion.
11:6 And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times.
south i.e. "south" of Palestine. Egypt is meant.
his princes i.e. One of Alexander's princes; historically Ptolemy Lagidae.
he shall Not the "king of the south" (Ptolemy Lagidae, to whom Egypt was given), but the "king of the north" Daniel 11:6, Seleucus, to whom Syria was given:
11:7 But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail:
i.e. the descendants and successors of Ptolemy Lagidae and Seleucus, not those very personages. The prediction was fulfilled in the marriage of Berenice, daughter of Ptolemy Philadelphus, to Antiochus Theos, third king of Syria, B.C. 285-247.
11:10 But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress.
branch of her roots
Ptolemy Euergetes, brother of Berenice, who invaded Syria as described in Daniel 11:7-9 .
11:15 So the king of the north shall come, and cast up a mount, and take the most fenced cities: and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither shall there be any strength to withstand.
but his sons
11:17 He shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones with him; thus shall he do: and he shall give him the daughter of women, corrupting her: but she shall not stand on his side, neither be for him.
king of the north
Antiochus the Great, B.C. 198.
11:18 After this shall he turn his face unto the isles, and shall take many: but a prince for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered by him to cease; without his own reproach he shall cause it to turn upon him.
daughter of women
Probably a reference to the marriage of Cleopatra to an Egyptian king, Ptolemy Philometor.
11:20 Then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes in the glory of the kingdom: but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle.
isles i.e. of Greece.
prince for his own
i.e. Historically on of the Scipios: the power of Rome felt in the East for the first time.
11:25 And he shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south with a great army; and the king of the south shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army; but he shall not stand: for they shall forecast devices against him.
a raiser of taxes
A reference to the tribute exacted of the son of Antiochus the Great by the Romans.
11:29 At the time appointed he shall return, and come toward the south; but it shall not be as the former, or as the latter.
11:31 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.
come toward the south
Antiochus Epiphanes' second expedition against Egypt. Stopped by the mandate of Rome, Daniel 11:30, he turns against the Jews:
11:32 And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits.
11:35 And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed.
e.g. the Maccabees. B.C. 168 and following.
11:36 And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.
the time of the end
Here the prophetic foreview, having traced the history of the two parts of Alexander's empire which had to do with Palestine and the Jews, viz. Syria and Egypt, to the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, and having described his career, overleaps the centuries to "the time of the end," when he of whom Antiochus Epiphanes was a type, the "little horn" of Daniel 7:8 the "Beast out of the sea" of Revelation 13:4-10 shall appear (cf) (See Scofield "Daniel 7:8") . Prophecy does not concern itself with history as such, but only with history as it affects Israel and the Holy Land. Antiochus Epiphanes was insignificant as compared with historical personages whom the Bible does not mention, but he scourged the covenant people and defiled God's altar, thus coming into prophetic light. From verse 36 the "little horn" of Daniel 7:8 Daniel 7:24-26 fills the scene. His prosperity lasts until "the indignation" (the "time of trouble" of ; Daniel 12:1 ; Matthew 24:21 is accomplished ( Daniel 11:36 ). This is parallel with ; Revelation 17:10-14 ; 19:19-21 . Daniel 11:37-45 supply details not mentioned in the N.T. The expression "God of his fathers" ( Daniel 11:37 ) has been held to indicate that the "king" is an apostate Jew, but this does not accord with Daniel 9:26 which was fulfilled by the Gentile armies of Rome. The "little horn" is an apostate, but from Christianity, not Judaism (cf) 1 John 2:18 1 John 2:19 . Daniel 11:38-45 describe his career. Substituting "the god of forces" (i.e. forces of nature) for the true God ( Daniel 11:38 Daniel 11:39 ), he soon presents himself as that god (cf) 2 Thessalonians 2:3 2 Thessalonians 2:4 . While his career lasts he is an irresistible conqueror Daniel 11:40-44 ). He established his palace in Jerusalem, probably at the time of his supreme act of blasphemous impiety ; Daniel 9:27 ; 12:11 ; Matthew 24:15 ; 2 Thessalonians 2:4 . From this time begins the great tribulation ; Daniel 12:1 ; Matthew 24:21 which runs its course during the last half of Daniel's seventieth week, viz. three and one half years ; Daniel 7:25 ; Daniel 12:7 Daniel 12:11 ; Revelation 13:5 . Scofield " Revelation 19:20 ".
11:45 And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.
he shall exalt
(See Scofield "Daniel 11:2") .