10:2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
10:5 By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.
1 Gomer 2 Magog 3 Madai 4 Javan 5 Tubal 6 Meshech 7 Tiras
1 Progenitor of the ancient Cimerians and Cimbri, from whom are descended the Celtic family.
3 Progenitor of the ancient Medes.
4 Progenitor of those who peopled Greece, Syria, etc.
5 Tubal's descendants peopled the region south of the black Sea, from whence they spread north and south. It is probable that Tobolsk perpetuates the tribal name. A branch of this race peopled Spain.
6 Progenitor of a race mentioned in connection with Tubal, Magog, and other northern nations. Broadly speaking, Russia, excluding the conquests of Peter the Great and his successors, is the modern land of Magog, Tubal, and Meshech.
7 Progenitor of the Thracians.
From these seven sons of Japheth are descended the goyim, or Gentile, nations, trans. "heathen" 148 times in the A.V. The name implies nothing concerning religion, meaning simply, non-Israelite, or "foreigner."
10:11 Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,
Lit. coasts. Settlement would naturally follow the coasts first.
10:12 And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.
(See Scofield "Isaiah 13:1") .