41:2 Who raised up the righteous man from the east, called him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and made him rule over kings? he gave them as the dust to his sword, and as driven stubble to his bow.
41:8 But thou, Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.
the righteous man from the east
The reference here seems to be to Cyrus, whose victories and rapid growth in power are here ascribed to the providence of God. Isaiah 41:5-7 describe the effect upon the nations of the rise of the Persian power. They heartened each other, and made ( 41:7 ) 7) new idols. At verse 8 the prophet addresses Israel. Since it was their God who raised up Cyrus, they should expect good, not evil, from him ( Isaiah 41:8-20 ). Isaiah 41:21-24 form a contemptuous challenge to the idols in whom the nations are trusting.
41:14 Fear not, thou worm Jacob, and ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.
Three servants of Jehovah are mentioned in Isaiah:
(1) David Isaiah 37:35
(3) Messiah Isaiah 42:1-12, Is 49., entire chapter, but note especially Isaiah 49:5-7, where the Servant Christ restores the servant nation; Isaiah 50:4-6 ; 52:13-15 53:1-12 . Israel the nation was a faithless servant, but restored and converted will yet thresh mountains. Against the Servant Christ no charge of unfaithfulness or failure is brought. (See Scofield "Isaiah 42:1") .
Heb. "goel," Redemp. (Kinsman type). (See Scofield "Isaiah 59:20") .