3:6 The LORD said also unto me in the days of Josiah the king, Hast thou seen that which backsliding Israel hath done? she is gone up upon every high mountain and under every green tree, and there hath played the harlot.
The Lord said
The general character of the second message to Judah is:
(2) of warning of a like chastisement impending over Judah, e.g. Jeremiah 3:15-17 .
(3) of touching appeals to return to Jehovah, e.g. Jeremiah 3:12-14 .
(4) of promises of final national restoration and blessing, e.g. Jeremiah 3:16-18 .
"Israel" and "Ephraim": names by which the northern kingdom (the ten tribes) is usually called in the prophets. When by "Israel" the whole nation is meant, it will appear from the context.