Job - Introduction

Book Introduction - Job

Read first chapter of Job

Job is in form a dramatic poem. It is probably the oldest of the Bible books, and was certainly written before the giving of the law. It would have been impossible, in a discussion covering the whole field of sin, of the providential government of God, and man's relation to Him, to avoid all reference to the law if the law had then been known. Job was a veritable personage ( Ezekiel 14:20 ; James 5:11 ), and the events are historical. The book sheds a remarkable light on the philosophic breadth and intellectual culture of the patriarchal age. The problem is, Why do the godly suffer?

Job is in seven parts:

  1. Prologue, 1:1-2:8.
  2. Job and his wife, 2:9,10.
  3. Job and his three friends, 2:11-31:40.
  4. Job and Elihu, 32:1-37:24.
  5. Jehovah and Job, 38:1-41:34.
  6. Job's final answer, 42:1-6.
  7. Epilogue, 42:7-17.

The events recorded in Job cover a period within 1 year.