10:2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;
10:5 These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not:
The word apostle, = "one sent forth," is used of our Lord Hebrews 3:1 . Elsewhere it is used for the twelve who were called to that office by our Lord during His earth ministry; of Paul, called to the apostleship by the risen and ascended Lord, and of Barnabas Acts 14:14 specially designated by the Holy Spirit Acts 13:2 . Of Matthias, chosen by lot by the eleven to take the place of Judas Iscariot, Acts 1:16-26 it is said: "And he was numbered with the eleven." Acts 1:26 .
The "signs" of an apostle were
(1) They were chosen directly by the Lord Himself, or, as in the case of Barnabas, by the Holy Spirit Matthew 10:1 Matthew 10:2 ; Mark 3:13 Mark 3:14 ; Luke 6:13 ; Acts 9:6 Acts 9:15 ; 13:2 ; Acts 22:10 Acts 22:14 Acts 22:15 ; Romans 1:1
(3) Their relation to the kingdom was that of heralds, announcing to Israel only Matthew 10:5 Matthew 10:6 the kingdom as at hand. (See Scofield "Matthew 4:17") and manifesting kingdom powers Matthew 10:7 Matthew 10:8 .
(4) To one of them, Peter, the keys of the kingdom of heaven, viewed as the sphere of Christian profession, as in Mat 13, were given Matthew 16:19 .
(5) Their future relation to the king will be that of judges over the twelve tribes Matthew 19:28 .
(6) Consequent upon the rejection of the kingdom, and the revelation of the mystery hid in God Matthew 16:18 ; Ephesians 3:1-12 the Church, the apostolic office was invested with a new enduement, the baptism with the Holy Spirit Acts 2:1-4 a new power, that of imparting the Spirit to Jewish-Christian believers; a new relation, that of foundation stones of the new temple Ephesians 2:20-22 and a new function, that of preaching the glad tidings of salvation through a crucified and risen Lord to Jew and gentile alike.
James son of Zebedee (See Scofield "Matthew 4:21") .
10:6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
The kingdom was promised to the Jews. Gentiles could be blessed only through Christ crucified and risen. Cf. John 12:20-24 .
10:8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give.
10:9 Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses,
demons. (See Scofield "Matthew 7:22") .
10:16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.
Provide neither gold
(Cf) Mark 6:8 Mark 6:9 ; Luke 9:3 . The central thought here, urgency, must be kept in mind. The emphasis is upon "provide." Time is not to be taken to search for additional staves or shoes. The disciples were to go in their ordinary sandals, with such staff as they might have, or with none. Cf. Paul, Romans 1:15 .
10:19 But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak.
The scope of Matthew 10:16-23 reaches beyond the personal ministry of the twelve, covering in a general sense the sphere of service during the present age. Matthew 10:23 has in view the preaching of the remnant. Isaiah 1:9 . (See Scofield "Romans 11:5") in the tribulation Psalms 2:5 . See Scofield " Revelation 7:14 ". and immediately preceding the return of Christ in glory ; Deuteronomy 30:3 ; Acts 1:9-11 . See Scofield " Acts 1:11 ". The remnant then will not have gone over the cities of Israel till the Lord comes.
10:23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come.
for it shall be given
An instruction to martyrs, not to preachers.
10:25 It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household?
Son of man
(See Scofield "Matthew 8:20") .
10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
Beelzebul, title of a heathen deity.
10:34 Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.
(See Scofield "Matthew 5:22") .
10:41 He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet's reward; and he that receiveth a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man's reward.
Cf. John 14:27 . Peace is spoken of in Scripture in three ways:
(2) "The peace of God" Philippians 4:7 inward peace, the state of soul of that believer who, having entered into peace with God through faith in Christ, has also committed to God through prayer and supplication with thanksgiving all his anxieties ; Luke 7:50 ; Philippians 4:6 .
(3) Peace "on earth" Luke 2:14 ; Psalms 72:7 ; 85:10 ; Isaiah 9:6 Isaiah 9:7 ; 11:1-12 the universal prevalency of peace in the earth under the kingdom. Matthew 10:34 was Christ's warning that the truth which He was proclaiming would not bring in the kingdom age of peace, but conflict rather. John 14:27 .
Righteousness. (See Scofield "Romans 10:10") .