Matthew 22

22:1  And Jesus answered and spake again in parables unto them1, saying,
    IN REPLY TO THE QUESTIONS AS TO HIS AUTHORITY, JESUS GIVES THE THIRD GREAT GROUP OF PARABLES. (In the Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) D. PARABLE OF THE MARRIAGE OF THE KING'S SON. Matthew 22:1-14

  1. And Jesus answered and spake again in parables unto them. This parable is very much like the one given in Luke 14:16-24 .

    NOTE.--I regard this parable as a remodeling of the parable given byLuke, the changes being made to suit the changed relation between Jesusand his auditors. In the parable in Luke, God is represented as one whoinvites us as a friend, and whose invitation is simply disregarded.Since the speaking of that parable, the situation had become more tenseand the relations more strained, and hence the parable takes on a moresevere form. The host is not to be disregarded, for he is a king, andthe supper is not to be despised, for it is a marriage supper. Theinvitation, therefore, savors of commandment, and while some stillcontinue to treat it with indifference, others feel the constraint ofthe invitation and reject it in a spirit of rebellion which manifestsitself in violence toward the king's servants. The king, in turn, ismoved by this to retaliate, and visits upon the offenders anoverwhelming judgment.--Philip Y. Pendleton

22:11  But when the king came in to behold the guests, he saw there a man1 who had not on a wedding-garment:

  1. He saw there a man. This one man is a type of many. See

22:12  and he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding-garment1? And he was speechless.

  1. How camest thou in hither not having a wedding-garment? We are of the opinion that the king furnished upper garments to his guests. Butthe antiquity of this custom is disputed. See Meyer, Lange and Trench,etc. in loco. However, the fact is immaterial, for the man wasspeechless--without excuse--which shows that he could have had agarment from some source had he chosen to wear it.

22:13  Then the king said to the servants, Bind him hand and foot1, and cast him out into the outer darkness; there shall be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth.

  1. Bind him hand and foot. The phrase suggests the impossibility of escaping from divine judgment.

  2. And cast him out into outer darkness. The outdoor darkness; wedding feasts were usually held at night.

22:14  For many are called, but few chosen1.

  1. For many are called, but few chosen. Many guests are invited, but few are accepted; because some neglect and despise the invitation, andothers cast dishonor upon the one who invites, by the self-willed andirreverent way in which they accept his invitation. In this parable thefirst parties invited represent the Jews; the city of murderers isJerusalem; the persons called from the highways are the Gentiles; theentrance of the king is the coming of the Lord to final judgment; andthe man without the wedding-garment is anyone who will be found in thechurch without a suitable character. The character of Christ is ourwedding-garment, and all the regenerated must wear it ( John 3:5 Ephesians 4:24 ; Galatians 3:27 ; Colossians 3:10 ; Revelation 19:8 Revelation 19:9 ).

22:15  Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might ensnare him in [his] talk1.

    JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) A. PHARISEES AND HERODIANS ASK ABOUT TRIBUTE. Matthew 22:15-22 ; Mark 12:13-17 ; Luke 20:20-26

  1. Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might ensnare him in [his] talk. See Mark 12:13.

22:16  And they send to him their disciples, with the Herodians1, saying, Teacher, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, and carest not for any one: for thou regardest not the person of men.

  1. The Herodians. See Mark 12:13.

  2. Master, we know that thou art true, etc. See Mark 12:14.

22:17  Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not1?

  1. Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not? See Mark 12:14.

22:18  But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why make ye trial of me, ye hypocrites1?

  1. Why make ye trial of me, ye hypocrites? See Mark 12:15.

22:19  Show me the tribute money1. And they brought unto him a denarius.

  1. Show me the tribute money, etc. See Mark 12:15.

22:20  And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription1?

  1. Whose is this image and superscription? See Mark 12:16.

22:21  They say unto him, Caesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar1 the things that are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's.

  1. Render therefore unto Caesar, etc. See Mark 12:17.

22:22  And when they heard it, they marvelled1, and left him, and went away.

  1. They marvelled. See Mark 12:17.

22:23  On that day there came to him Sadducees1, they that say that there is no resurrection: and they asked him,

    JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) B. SADDUCEES ASK ABOUT THE RESURRECTION. Matthew 22:23-33 ; Mark 12:18-27 ; Luke 20:27-39

  1. Sadducees. See Mark 12:18.

22:24  saying, Teacher, Moses said, If a man die, having no children1, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.

  1. If a man die, having no children, etc. See Mark 12:19.

22:28  In the resurrection therefore whose wife shall she be of the seven1? for they all had her.

  1. In the resurrection therefore whose wife shall she be of the seven? See Mark 12:23.

22:29  But Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err1, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.

  1. Ye do err, etc. See Mark 12:24.

22:30  For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage1, but are as angels in heaven.

  1. They neither marry, nor are given in marriage. See Mark 12:25.

22:31  But as touching the resurrection of the dead1, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying,

  1. But as touching the resurrection of the dead, etc. See Mark 12:26.

22:32  I am the God of Abraham1, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not [the God] of the dead, but of the living2.

  1. I am the God of Abraham, etc. See Mark 12:26.

  2. God is not [the God] of the dead, but of the living. See Mark 12:27.

22:34  But the Pharisees, when they heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, gathered themselves together.

    JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) C. A LAWYER ASKS ABOUT THE GREAT COMMANDMENT. Matthew 22:34-40 ; Mark 12:28-34 ; Luke 20:40

22:35  And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question, trying him1:

  1. And one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question, trying him. See Mark 12:28.

22:36  Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law1?

  1. Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law? See Mark 12:28.

22:37  And he said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God1 with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.

  1. Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, etc. See Mark 12:30.

22:38  This is the great and first commandment1.

  1. This is the great and first commandment. See Mark 12:29.

22:39  And a second like [unto it] is this, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.

  1. Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. See Mark 12:31.

22:40  On these two commandments the whole law hangeth, and the prophets1.

  1. On these two commandments the whole law hangeth, and the prophets. See Mark 12:31.

22:41  Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question,

    JEWISH RULERS SEEK TO ENSNARE JESUS. (Court of the Temple. Tuesday, April 4, A.D. 30.) D. JESUS' QUESTION WHICH NONE COULD ANSWER. Matthew 22:41-46 ; Mark 12:35-37 ; Luke 20:41-44

22:42  saying, What think ye of the Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, [The son] of David2.

  1. What think ye of the Christ? whose son is he? See Mark 12:35.

  2. They say unto him, [The Son] of David. The answer was true, but it was not "all" the truth as the Scriptures themselves showed. And thisadditional truth was what the opposers of Jesus needed to learn.

22:43  He saith unto them, How then doth David in the Spirit call him Lord1, saying,

  1. How then doth David in the Spirit call him Lord? See Mark 12:36.

22:44  The Lord said unto my Lord1, Sit thou on my right hand, Till I put thine enemies underneath thy feet?

  1. The Lord said unto my Lord, etc. See Mark 12:36.