PSALM 100 OVERVIEW.
TITLE. A Psalm of Praise; or rather of thanksgiving. This is the only psalm bearing this precise inscription. It is all ablaze with grateful adoration, and has for this reason been a great favourite with the people of God ever since it was written. "Let us sing the Old Hundredth" is one of the every-day expressions of the Christian church, and will be so while men, exist whose hearts are loyal to the Great King. Nothing can be more sublime this side heaven than the sinthug of this noble psalm by a vast congregation. Watts' paraphrase, beginning "Before Jehovah's awful throne," and the Scotch "All people that on earth do dwell," are both noble versions; and event Tare and Brady rise beyond themselves when they sing --
"With one consent let all the earth
To God their cheerful voices raise."
In this divine lyric we sing with gladness the creating power and goodness of the Lord, even as before with trembling we adored his holiness.
Verse 1. Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all ye lands. This is a repetition of Psalms 98:4 . The original word signifies a glad shout, such as loyal subjects give when their king appears among them. Our happy God should be worshipped by a happy people; a cheerful spirit is in keeping with his nature, his acts, and the gratitude which we should cherish for his mercies. In every land Jehovah's goodness is seen, therefore in every land should be be praised. Nearer will the world be in its proper condition till with one unanimous shout it adores the only God. O ye nations, how long will ye blindly reject him? Your golden age will never arrive till ye with all your hearts revere him.
EXPLANATORY NOTES AND QUAINT SAYINGS
Title. This is the only Psalm in the whole collection entitled "A Psalm of Praise." It is supposed to have received this appellation because peculiarly adapted, if not designed to be sung, when the sacrifices of thanksgiving were offered. See Leviticus 7:12 . The Greeks think it was written by David, who here invites all the world to join with the Israelites in the service of God, whose divine sovereignty he here recognises. Samuel Burder.
Whole Psalm. If we are right in regarding Psalms 93-99 as forming one continuous series, one great prophetic oratorio, whose title is "Jehovah is King," and through which there runs the same great idea, this Psalm may be regarded as the doxology which closes the strain. We find lingering in it notes of the same great harmony. It breathes the same gladness; it is filled with the same hope, that all nations shall bow down before Jehovah, and confess that he is God. J.J.S. Perowne.
Whole Psalm. This Psalm contains a promise of Christianity, as winter at its close contains the promise of spring. The trees are ready to bud, the flowers are just hidden by the light soil, the clouds are heavy with rain, the sun shines in his strength; only a genial wind from the south is wanted to give a new life to all things. "The Speaker's Commentary," 1873.
Whole Psalm. Luther would have immortalized his name had he done no more than written the majestic air and harmony to which we are accustomed to sing this Psalm, and which, when the mind is in a truly worshipping frame, seems to bring heaven down to earth, and to raise earth to heaven, giving us anticipations of the pure and sublime delights of that noble and general assembly in which saints and angels shall for ever celebrate the praises of God. Ingram Cobbin.
HINTS FOR PASTORS AND LAYPERSONS
Whole Psalm. This is a bunch of the grapes of Eshcol. It is a taste of what is still the promised land. The Jewish church came to its perfection in the reign of Solomon, but a greater than Solomon is here. The perfection of the New Testament church is here anticipated. This psalm teaches,
- That there will be a joyful state of the whole world ( Psalms 100:1 ).
- To whom the address is given -- to "all lands," and all in those lands.
- The subject of the address -- "Make a joyful noise." What a doleful noise it has made!
- By whom the address is given, by him who secures what he commands.
- Men have long tried to be happy without God.
- They will find at last that their happiness is in God. The conversion of an individual in this respect is a type of the conversion of the world.
- Of knowledge on our part: he will be known as the Triune God, as a covenant God, as the God of salvation -- as God.
- Of rightful claim on his part;
- by right of creation -- "He hath made us;"
- By light of redemption -- "Ye were not a people, but are now the people of God," &c.; "I have redeemed thee: thou art mine";
- by right of preservation -- "We are the sheep," &c.
- Of what the service will consist -- "thanksgiving" and praise.
- To whom it will be rendered. Enter into his gates -- his courts -- be thankful unto him -- bless his name. That this service will be perpetual; begin on earth, continued in heaven. This fact is founded --
- Upon essential goodness. "For the Lord is good."
- Upon everlasting mercy. "His mercy," etc.
- Upon immutable truth. "His truth," etc. G. R.