The deplorable condition of Israel, ver. 1 - 3.
An exhortation to seek God, ver. 4 - 15.
Judgments denounced, ver. 16 - 20.
Notwithstanding their outward services, ver. 21 - 27.
|5:2||The virgin - So she was, when first espoused to God.Upon her land - Broken to pieces upon her own land, and so left as a broken vessel.|
|5:3||By a thousand - That sent out one thousand soldiers.An hundred - Shall lose nine parts of them.|
|5:4||Ye shall live - It shall be well with you.|
|5:5||Seek not - Consult not, worship not the idol at Bethel, Gilgal, or Beersheba.|
|5:6||The house of Joseph - The kingdom of the ten tribes, the chief whereof was Ephraim, the son of Joseph. In Beth-el - If once this fire breaks out, all your idols in Beth-el shall not be able to quench it.|
|5:7||Ye - Rulers and judges. Judgment - The righteous sentence of the law. To wormwood - Proverbially understood; bitterness, injustice and oppression. Leave off - Make to cease in your courts of judicature.|
|5:8||The seven stars - A constellation, whose rising about September was usually accompanied with sweet showers. Orion - Which arising about November brings usually cold, rains and frosts intermixt very seasonable for the earth. The shadow of the earth - The greatest adversity into as great prosperity. Dark with might - Changes prosperity into adversity.That calleth - Commands the vapour to ascend, which he turns into rain; and then pours from the clouds to make the earth fruitful.|
|5:9||The strong - The mighty, victorious and insolent.Shall come - Shall rally and form a siege against their besiegers.|
|5:10||They - The judges and people. In the gate - Where judges sat, and where the prophets many times delivered their message.|
|5:11||Your treading - You utterly oppress the helpless.Ye take - Ye extort from the poor great quantities of wheat, on which he should live.|
|5:12||In the gate - In their courts of justice.|
|5:13||Shall keep silence - Be forced to it. Evil - Both for the sinfulness of it, and for the troubles, wars, and captivity now at hand.|
|5:14||With you - To bless and save you yet.|
|5:15||The evil - All evil among the people, and yourselves.Love - Commend, encourage, defend: let your heart be toward good things, and good men. Remnant - What the invasions of enemies, or the civil wars have spared, and left in Samaria and Israel.|
|5:16||Therefore - The prophet foreseeing their obstinacy, proceeds to denounce judgment against them. The husbandman - This sort of men are little used to such ceremonies of mourning, but now such also shall be called upon; leave your toil, betake yourselves to publick mourning.|
|5:17||Vineyards - In these places were usually the greatest joy.Pass through - To punish all every where.|
|5:18||That desire - Scoffingly, not believing any such day would come.To what end - What do you think to get by it? Is darkness - All adversity, black and doleful. Not light - No joy, or comfort an it.|
|5:19||And a bear - You may escape one, but shall fall in another calamity. Into the house - At home you may hope for safety, but there other kind of mischief shall meet you.|
|5:21||I hate - Impure and unholy as they are. Will not smell - A savour, of rest or delight, I will not accept and be pleased with.|
|5:23||Thy songs - Used in their sacrifices, and solemn feasts; herein they imitated the temple - worship, but all was unpleasing to the Lord.Will not hear - Not with delight and acceptance. Thy viols - This one kind of musical instrument is put for all the rest.|
|5:24||Let judgment - Let justice be administered constantly.Righteousness - Equity. Stream - Bearing down all that opposes it.|
|5:25||Have ye - Their fathers and they, tho' at so great a distance of time, are one people, and so the prophet considers them.Unto me - Was it to me, or to your idols, that you offered, even in the wilderness?|
|5:26||Ye have borne - Ye carried along with you in the wilderness; the shrine, or canopy in which the image was placed.Moloch - The great idol of the Ammonites. Chiun - Another idol.|
|5:27||Therefore - For all your idolatry and other sins, in which you have obstinately continued.|