Daniel's prayer for the restoration of Israel, ver. 1 - 23.
The answer sent him by an angel, ver. 24 - 27.
This is the clearest prophecy of the Messiah in all the Old Testament.
|9:1||In the first year of Darius - That is, immediately after the overthrow of the kingdom of Babylon, which was the year of the Jews deliverance from captivity. Of the Medes - This Darius was not Darius the Persian, under whom the temple was built, as some have asserted, to invalidate the credibility of this book; but Darius the Mede, who lived in the time of Daniel.|
|9:2||By books - By the sacred books.|
|9:12||Judged us - Whose duty it was to govern the people, and to judge their causes; wherein if there was a failure, it was a sin, and judgment upon the people, and upon the rulers and judges themselves also.Upon Jerusalem - A place privileged many ways above all others, and punished above all others.|
|9:14||The Lord watched - God's watching denotes the fit ways that he always takes to punish sinners.|
|9:17||For the Lord's sake - For the sake of the Messiah: to whom the title Lord is frequently given in the Old Testament.|
|9:21||About the time - The time of the evening sacrifice was a solemn and set time of devotion. Tho' the altar was in ruins, and there was no oblation offered upon it, yet the pious Jews were daily thoughtful of the time when it should have been offered, and hoped that their prayer would be set forth before God as incense, and the lifting up of their hands, as the evening sacrifice. This was peculiarly a type of that great sacrifice, which Christ was to offer: and it was in virtue of that sacrifice, that Daniel's prayer was accepted, when he prayed for the Lord's sake.|
|9:24||Seventy weeks - These weeks are weeks of days, and these days are so many years. To finish the transgression - The angel discovers first the disease in three several words, which contain all sorts of sin, which the Messiah should free us from by his full redemption.He shews the cure of this disease in three words.||9:25||From the going forth - From the publication of the edict, whether of Cyrus or Darius, to restore and to build it.||9:26||And after - After the seven and the sixty two that followed them.Not for himself - But for our sakes, and for our salvation.And the people - The Romans under the conduct of Titus.Determined - God hath decreed to destroy that place and people, by the miseries and desolations of war.||9:27||He shall confirm - Christ confirmed the new covenant, |