God called Cyrus, and was with him, the nations idolatrous, ver. 1 - 8.
Israel encouraged by promises of safety and deliverance, ver. 9 - 20.
The vanity of idols, ver. 21 - 24.
Redemption by Christ, ver. 25 - 29.
|41:1||Keep silence - Attend diligently to my plea. Islands - By islands he means countries remote from Judea, inhabited by the idolatrous Gentiles. Renew - Strengthen themselves to maintain their cause against me; let them unite all their strength together.Near - Unto me that we may stand together, and plead our cause, and I will give them free liberty to say what they can on their own behalf.|
|41:2||Who - Was it not my work alone? Raised - Into being and power, stirring up his spirit, and strengthening him to the work.The man - Cyrus. The east - Persia was directly eastward, both from Judea and from Babylon. He was raised up by God in an eminent manner. And although these things were yet to come; yet the prophet speaks of them as if they were already past.And by this instance he pleads his cause against the Gentiles; because this was an evident proof of God's almighty power, and of the vanity of idols, which eminently appeared in the destruction of the Babylonians, who were a people mad upon their idols.Called him - To march after him, and under God's banner against Babylon.|
|41:3||Pursued - Went on in the pursuit with ease and safety.Even - Through unknown paths.|
|41:4||Calling - Them out of nothing, giving them breath and being: disposing and employing them as he sees fit. From the beginning - All persons and generations of mankind from the beginning of the world.I - Who was before all things even from eternity, and shall be unto eternity.|
|41:5||The isles - Even remote countries. Saw - Discerned the mighty work of God in delivering his people, and overthrowing their enemies.Feared - Lest they should be involved in the same calamity.Came - They gathered themselves together.|
|41:7||Fastened it - To the wall or pillar.|
|41:9||Thou - Thou Israel, whom I took to myself, and brought hither in the loins of thy father Abraham, from a remote country.Called thee - From the midst of many great persons among whom he lived in Chaldea. Chosen - I have chosen thee and thy seed through all generations.|
|41:11||Confounded - Because the mischief which they contrived against thee shall fall upon themselves.|
|41:13||Will hold - Will enable thee to vanquish all thine enemies.|
|41:14||Thou worm - Who art weak in thyself, and trodden under foot by thy proud enemies.|
|41:15||An instrument - Such as were usual in those times and places.The mountains - The great and lofty potentates of the world.|
|41:16||Fan - When thou hast beaten them as small as chaff.In the Holy One - For to him, thou shalt ascribe thy victory.|
|41:18||In high places - Upon the mountains where by the course of nature there are no rivers. The dry land - Their people who are like a dry and barren wilderness. I will abundantly water with my blessings.|
|41:19||The box tree - Trees which are both useful and pleasant to the eye, and giving a good shadow to the traveller. But what particular trees these Hebrew words signify, is not certainly known.|
|41:22||Them - The idols. Former things - Such things as should shortly come to pass. The latter end - Whether the events answer to their predictions.|
|41:23||Do good - Protect your worshippers whom I intend to destroy, and destroy my people whom I intend to save. That - That I and my people may be astonished, and forced to acknowledge your godhead.|
|41:24||Your work - Your operations are like your beings: there is no reality in your beings, nor efficacy in your actions.|
|41:25||Raised - Cyrus, might be said to come from the north, because he was a Mede by his mother, as he was a Persian by his father; or because a great part of his army was gathered out of Media, which was northward, in reference to Judea, and because Darius the Mede was joined with him in this expedition.Proclaim - This Cyrus did in express, emphatical terms, Ezra 1:1 ,2.As on mortar - Treading them down, as easily as a man treads down mortar.|
|41:26||Who - Which of your idols could foretel such things as these from the beginning of the world unto this day? Before - time - Before the things come to pass. Righteous - His cause is good: he is a God indeed.Heareth - Because you are dumb and cannot speak.|
|41:27||The first - I who am the first, do and will foretel to my people things to come. Them - I also represent future things as if they were present. By them he means things which are to come. One - Messengers, who shall foretel the good tidings of their deliverance from captivity.|
|41:28||For - I looked to see if I could find any man that could foretel future events. No man - Not any, of the idols; for the word man is sometimes used by the Hebrews of brute creatures, and even of lifeless things. No counsellor - Though these idols were often consulted, yet none of them were able to give any solid and certain advice concerning future things.|
|41:29||Behold - This is the conclusion of the dispute, but under these he comprehends all images whatsoever. Wind - Empty and unsatisfying things. Confusion - Confused and useless things, like that rude heap in the beginning of God's creation, of which this very word is used, Genesis 1:2 .|