Title of the psalm. Shiggaion - This seems to be the name of a kind of song, or instrument, which then was well known, but now is only matter of conjecture. Words - The false report raised by him. Cush - Probably some eminent commander or courtier under Saul.
Lest - Mine enemy. Tear - Out of my body.
Hands - Which Cush and others falsely lay to my charge.Iniquity - In my actions.
Deliver - When it was in my power to destroy him, as 24:2 - 6.
Lift up - Glorify thyself, and shew thyself to be above them.Commanded - To execute that righteous sentence, which thou hast commanded, appointed, and declared by thy prophet Samuel.
Compass - They will come from all parts to worship thee, and offer to thee praises and sacrifices. High - To thy tribunal, to sit there and judge my cause. An allusion to earthly tribunals, which generally are set up on high above the people.
O - Put a stop to their wicked practices.
Every day - Even then, when his providence seems to favour them, and they are most secure and confident.
He will - God will hasten, and speedily execute his judgments upon him.
Him - For the wicked. Ordaineth - Designs or fits for this very use. Of all sinners, persecutors are set up as the fairest marks of Divine wrath. They set God at defiance but cannot set themselves out of the reach of his judgments.
Travelleth - This metaphor denotes his deep design, and vigorous endeavours for doing mischief, and his restlessness and pain 'till he have accomplished it.