Prison Epistles- Philemon, Colossians, Ephesians, Philippians because wrote them from prison, perhaps in early 60s when under house arrest. Philippian... Read more
Prison Epistles- Philemon, Colossians, Ephesians, Philippians because wrote them from prison, perhaps in early 60s when under house arrest. Philippians perhaps a bit later due to more somber references possible death of hearing with Caesar
Why each written?
Cultural/spiritual condition of recipients of letter as reflected in contents of each
Each arranged to accomplish Paul's purpose of each
Spiritual guidelines for Christian living from each
Philemon- model to apostolic tact; Paul would have Philemon act voluntarily-
written in regard to Onesimus, slave to Philemon sent to Paul, being sent back to Philemon-- Paul's main concern is a more inward and spiritual liberation that the Gospel brings... ONesimus came bishop of Ephesus at the end of 1st century...personal emancipation proclamation influential in church of Jesus Christ
Colossians- 2nd letter Paul wrote to a church that he did not personally found; spin off of ministry in nearby Ephesus; Paul addresses false teaching- angel worship, ritual laws. Addresses 3 Christian doctrines: Christology-understanding of Jesus, Soteriology- doctrine of salvation, anthropology- doctrine of human nature...Jesus fully God, rituals vs. Christ's atonement, rebutting belief in Christ's full humanity that Christians not fully saved...
I. Theological (1-2)
II. Ethical (2-4)
Contribution of Colossians- Do we really believe in Christ as the complete expression of God's fullness, completely human but completely God
could have been meant to pass around to area churches such as Laodicea as mentioned in last chapter
Ephesians- spent 3 years with them... general and systematic
I. Theological (1-3)
II. Ethical (4-6)
Spiritual application- unity of the church
Philippians- a family letter
Address and Greeting (1:1-2)
Prayer for recipients (1:3-11)
Reassurance of Paul's safety (1:12-26)
Request for Reassurance about Ephesians (1:27-2:18, includes Philippian hymn, describing great humiliation and condescension that Jesus experienced in the incarnation...Jesus humbling self and becoming obedient even unto death, death on a cross...every knee shall bow one way or the other.
6 Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, 7 but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. 8 And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself and became obedient to death-- even death on a cross! 9 Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11 and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Information about Movement (2:19-30, Timothy, Epaphriditus,etc.)
Special Warnings (3:1-4:1) against Judaizers/ false teachers strong language about those who would glory in the flesh
Special Instructions/thank yous (4:2-20) wish for health (4:23)
Spiritual applications- encourage others about well- being in ministry
challenge others to unity, commend faithful believers publicly, warn against heresy, thank people for their support...and content in all circumstances. (4:10)
11 I am not saying this because I am in need, for I have learned to be content whatever the circumstances. 12 I know what it is to be in need, and I know what it is to have plenty. I have learned the secret of being content in any and every situation, whether well fed or hungry, whether living in plenty or in want. 13 I can do everything through him who gives me strength. Read less
Regardless of the circumstances tha confront me daily weekly, monthly yearly as long as I maintain relationship with God daily and practice his righte... Read more
Regardless of the circumstances tha confront me daily weekly, monthly yearly as long as I maintain relationship with God daily and practice his righteousness my inheritance will be as is written. Read less
The master key to Scripture- Romans
I. Ch 1-8, doctrinal explanations of what God is doing through the human race and HIs redemption of our total bein... Read more
The master key to Scripture- Romans
I. Ch 1-8, doctrinal explanations of what God is doing through the human race and HIs redemption of our total being: body, soul, and spirit.
A. The problem- our guilt before God
B. Justification- covered by God's righteousness
C. Sanctification- God's righteousness demonstrated in our lives
II. Ch 9-11, Paul's illustration of the principles of the first eight chapters, as demonstrated in the life and history of the nation
A. Israel's past- chosen by sovereign God
B. Israel's present- Israel seeks righteousness of works; rejects Christ
C. Israel's future- ultimately to be restored by God
III. Ch 12-16, Practical application of these mighty truths to everyday human situations
A. Christian duties and responsibilities
B. Principles of Christian liberty
C. Conclusion, benediction, personal greetings
1:16, 17 (verse that burned into Martin Luther's heart, starting Reformation), 18, 3:19-20, 23,
3 phases of redemption- involves our entire body- body. soul, and spirit
1. Justification- ch 4(spirit) God gives us a righteous standing before HIm on the basis of the work of Christ, has died in our place, met our need, unable to do it ourselves...unable to earn, so we accept the free gift of God in Jesus Christ. He implants the Holy Spirit, whereby He seals our righteous standing before God- permanent, unchangeable. It is far more than forgiveness of sin--- condition of standing before God as if we had never sinned at all. It is Christ's righteousness imputed to us, reckoned to our accounts. When this takes place, we are delivered from the penalty for sin.
2. Sanctification- ch5,6,7 (soul) The soul of humanity, born of Adam, is under the reign of sin, ruled by the flesh. Even though our sins have been justified, is is quite possible to go on with the soul still under bondage and reign of sin...therefore we sometimes experience up-and-down times with the Lord.
All genuine Christians, all committed followers of Christ, are saints, sanctified and set apart for HIs service. God intends to see us not only saved, but free- free from the reign of sin in our lives. When you become a Christian, God cuts you off from this life in Adam...but now joined to a risen Christ. He wants to express His life through the new you, just as Adam once expressed his sinful life through the old you. It becomes easier to be "good" in Christ just as it was once easier to be "bad" in Adam. It takes time, however, to put our sanctification into practice...to the point of discovering that where sin once reigned over me, chaining me under the power of death, Christ now reigns over me to LIFE. Right now, I can experience VICTORY in JESUS! We don't always feel linked to Jesus--but feelings are variable and often deceptive. Feelings can be altered by many factors- circumstances, chemical imbalances in the brain, blood-sugar levels, medications, chronic problems as clinical depression, or even the weather. Feelings change---but our relationship to Jesus do not change with our moods. When God promises to weld a life to His, it stays welded, and we must believe God's promise, whatever our feelings. There is an ever present battle between the old self and the new self. The problem is that we usually try to be good according to the strength of the flesh- and the flesh is weak and ineffectual against evil and temptation. The solution..."there is no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus..." There is nothing we can do for God- but He intends to do everything through us, where our minds, emotions, and wills are brought under the control of Jesus Christ. This is when we experience the glorious, triumphant power that He has made available to us. That is the process of the sanctifying of the soul.
3. Glorification- 8 (body) While we are still in this life, the body remains unredeemed. But the fact that the spirit has been justified and soul is being sanctified is a guarantee that God will one day redeem and glorify the body as well. When we enter at last into the presence of Christ, we will stand perfect in body, soul, and spirit before Him.
"In all these things we are more than conquerors through Him who loved us. For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord. 8:37-39
Paradox of Free Will vs. God's Sovereignty
Election and Predestination
While God has chosen us, we have also chosen Him.
All people have the same free will, which operates in harmony with GOd's sovereignty and predestination in some mysterious way that is beyond our understanding. Salvation is a choice of faith. (10:6-10)
The word is already in your mouth that Jesus Christ is Lord; only believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, and you will be saved.
In Romans 11, Paul shows us that even as God set aside Israel for a time, in order that grace might do is work among the Gentiles, so God has completely set aside the flesh, the fallen nature, so that we might learn what God will do for us and through us. When we freely admit that without Christ we can do nothing---and when we live our lives accordingly, totally dependent upon Him- then we discover that we CAN do all things through Him who strengthens us (Phil 4:13). What an amazing discovery!
The most reasonable, intelligent, thoughtful, purposeful, spiritual thing one can do with one's life, in view of all these great facts is to give oneself to God and to live for Him. Nothing else can fulfill one to any degree. Therefore, give oneself to Him as a living sacrifice!
Ch 12-16 offer practical application of these truths in our everyday lives.
relationships among Christians, gov't, society, the lost...
Now to him who is able to establish you by my gospel and the proclamation of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery hidden for long ages past, but now revealed and made known through the prophetic writings by the command of the eternal God, so that all nations might believe and obey him—to the only wise God be glory forever through Jesus Christ! Read less
These were his instructions to them: "The harvest is so great, but the workers are so few. Pray to the Lord who is in charge of the harvest, and ask h... Read more
These were his instructions to them: "The harvest is so great, but the workers are so few. Pray to the Lord who is in charge of the harvest, and ask him to send out more workers for his fields. (Luke 10:2 NLT) Read less
Many sects have elevated their own writings to the status of Scripture. Using what you have just learned, articulate to a member of a modern sect, fou... Read more
Many sects have elevated their own writings to the status of Scripture. Using what you have just learned, articulate to a member of a modern sect, four principles for not including additional writings in the New Testament canon.
I totally don't understand this question. The principles for verifying the New testament still are not clear to me. I know that each book of the bible was run through the canon which I do understand is a list of qualification to be a writing of the bible. The four principles for not including the additional writings are clearly from this list of qualification. The additional writings did not qualify to the stands of the canon are were not included.
(Lesson 3 Discussion Question) Read less
This is the summary of everything Jesus taught of Himself. According to His teaching, He is fully identified with the Father in His nature, His power... Read more
This is the summary of everything Jesus taught of Himself. According to His teaching, He is fully identified with the Father in His nature, His power, and His communication to men. Anyone who rejects Jesus rejects the Father with Him, and so all men are judged according to their response to what Jesus has said of Himself. There is no room here for considering Jesus merely a good man who taught how others could live a moral life or please God; as C. S. Lewis said, He was either mad, a liar, or exactly who He claimed to be. See Matthew 12:30 and associated notes. Read less