This is one of Isaiah's most obscure prophecies and has been subject to numerous interpretations. Perhaps the most common one is that it refers to a ... Read more
This is one of Isaiah's most obscure prophecies and has been subject to numerous interpretations. Perhaps the most common one is that it refers to a taunt against Judah by the Edomites, perhaps alluding to Edomite encouragement of the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem as mentioned in Psalm 137. The watchman's reply suggests that blessing (morning) will come again to Israel, but night (destruction and calamity) to Edom unless Edom repented of its evil ways toward a kindred nation. Read less
1 John 3:12,13 "We should not be like Cain, who was of the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his own deeds were ev... Read more
1 John 3:12,13 "We should not be like Cain, who was of the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his own deeds were evil and his brother's righteous. Do not be surprised, brothers,that the world hates you." (ESV)
I am uncomfortable claiming any special righteousness; I am too well acquainted with my failures. And I have to suppose that these people John wrote to were like me. Yet John writes as though they were in some way distinct from those of their world among whom they lived in their righteousness. How was that so? In what way?
If the context is any clue, there were two things that stood out. 1) their love for others 2) their moral purity.
As to loving others, John directly says that we who love will be generous toward those in need (v. 17). This not, of course, a zero sum game in which only Christians are generous. But it is true historically that followers of Jesus have been unusually generous. Those are nice statistics in a debate, but the question really is am I.
As to purity, John does not say that a Christian does not sin. In fact, he assumes that we do (2:1). What he says is that a follower of Jesus does not continue sinning: he does not make that his lifestyle. When he sins he is grieved and repents.
I know what that is about. God has not allowed me to dive into sin and enjoy it. He has always called me back to purity.
So, why do these things bring upon believers the world's dislike? We don't try to do things that will make others dislike us. I guess it is something like the Cain and Abel story John alludes to here. Abel did nothing to arouse Cain's hatred. But Cain's failure and sin was cast into relief by Abel's righteousness. Read less
Your enemies will know that work that you are doing and will seek to put an end to your deeds or you. In this chapter we see the enemies of Nehemiah s... Read more
Your enemies will know that work that you are doing and will seek to put an end to your deeds or you. In this chapter we see the enemies of Nehemiah seeking to have an audience with him but he refused. His reason for refusing is important. He noted that he was doing a great work, a work for God and would not cease from working to come meet with those who sought to harm him. He noted that the attempted to meet with him several times but he refused with the same words as before. However, his enemies did not stop there, after they failed to harm him, they sought to place him in fear of his life and by fear that wanted him to sin and gain entry to show Nehemiah is problematic. Their plan was worked by a false prophet, Nehemiah noted that he perceived that God did not send the prophet but spoke a prophecy against him for his enemies. We have to be careful from those who say they are of God but are tools for the hands of our enemies, but that means we have to be extra careful.
Nevertheless, the could not stop the finishing of the wall or place the leader in fear, though they will try, not only by seeking to plan false meetings, or prophecy (advice), but also by being close to those whom you must do business with and seek to manipulate by information and stir up fear. Hear the word, keep your eyes to God and hands on his work.
Sanballat: secret enemy, error thoughts and fears of which we have not as yet really become conscious, but which are working with seemingly great strength in our sub consciousness and out into our body consciousness and our body.
Tobiah: thought is very deceptive, and is sometimes believed to be of a true spiritual character but is not. while it acknowledges the Christ Truth to be good, and professes to believe in the law of God and in the divine goodness, it does not seek to lift itself to the spiritual plane. it continues to express in its old error ways and thus hinders the true overcoming of the individual-the true rebuilding of the body temple. it must be discovered what it is and must be cast out of the temple completely with all its good-all the thought substance that has gathered about it. Read less
Here the apostle encourages against sins of infirmity (v. 1, v. 2), shows the true knowledge and love of God (v. 3-6), renews the precept of fraterna... Read more
Here the apostle encourages against sins of infirmity (v. 1, v. 2), shows the true knowledge and love of God (v. 3-6), renews the precept of fraternal love (v. 7-11), addresses the several ages of Christians (v. 12-14), warns against worldly love (v. 15-17), against seducers (v. 18, v. 19), shows the security of true Christians (v. 20-27), and advises to abide in Christ (v. 28, v. 29).
Overview - 1 John 2
1 He comforts them against the sins of infirmity.
3 Rightly to know God is to keep his commandments;
9 to love our brethren;
15 and not to love the world.
18 We must beware of seducers;
20 from whose deceits the godly are safe, preserved by perseverance in faith, and holiness of life.
Definition- an apt and harmonious arrangement or constitution, order, government
ornament, decoration, adornment, i.e. the arrangement of the stars, 'the heavenly hosts', as the ornament of the heavens. 1 Pet. 3:
the world, the universe
the circle of the earth, the earth
the inhabitants of the earth, men, the human family
the ungodly multitude; the whole mass of men alienated from God, and therefore hostile to the cause of Christ
world affairs, the aggregate of things earthly
the whole circle of earthly goods, endowments riches, advantages, pleasures, etc, which although hollow and frail and fleeting, stir desire, seduce from God and are obstacles to the cause of Christ
any aggregate or general collection of particulars of any sort
the Gentiles as contrasted to the Jews (Rom. 11:12 etc)
of believers only, John 1:29; 3:16; 3:17; 6:33; 12:47 1 Cor. 4:9; 2 Cor. 5:19 Read less
29. Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him--It was an intimation of the exalted presence into which... Read more
29. Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him--It was an intimation of the exalted presence into which he had been admitted and of the glory he had witnessed ( 2 Corinthians 3:18 ); and in that view, it was a badge of his high office as the ambassador of God. No testimonial needed to be produced. He bore his credentials on his very face; and whether this extraordinary effulgence was a permanent or merely temporary distinction, it cannot be doubted that this reflected glory was given him as an honor before all the people.
( 2 Corinthians 3:18
18But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.
18. But we all--Christians, as contrasted with the Jews who have a veil on their hearts, answering to Moses' veil on his face. He does not resume reference to ministers till 2 Corinthians 4:1 .
with open face--Translate, "with unveiled face" (the veil being removed at conversion): contrasted with "hid" ( 2 Corinthians 4:3 ).
as in a glass--in a mirror, namely, the Gospel which reflects the glory of God and Christ ( 2 Corinthians 4:4 , 1 Corinthians 13:12 , James 1:23 James 1:25 ).
are changed into the same image--namely, the image of Christ's glory, spiritually now ( Romans 8:29 , 1 John 3:3 ); an earnest of the bodily change hereafter ( Philippians 3:21 ). However many they be, believers all reflect the same image of Christ more or less: a proof of the truth of Christianity.
from glory to glory--from one degree of glory to another. As Moses' face caught a reflection of God's glory from being in His presence, so believers are changed into His image by beholding Him.
even as, &c.--Just such a transformation "as" was to be expected from "the Lord the Spirit" (not as English Version, "the Spirit of the Lord") [ALFORD] ( 2 Corinthians 3:17 ): "who receives of the things of Christ, and shows them to us" ( John 16:14 , Romans 8:10 Romans 8:11 ). (Compare as to hereafter, Psalms 17:15 , Revelation 22:4 ).
30. they were afraid to come nigh him--Their fear arose from a sense of guilt--the beaming radiance of his countenance made him appear to their awe-struck consciences a flaming minister of heaven.
33. he put a veil on his face--That veil was with the greatest propriety removed when speaking with the Lord, for every one appears unveiled to the eye of Omniscience; but it was replaced on returning to the people--and this was emblematic of the dark and shadowy character of that dispensation ( 2 Corinthians 3:13 2 Corinthians 3:14 ).
13. We use no disguise, "as Moses put a veil over his face, that the children of Israel might not look steadfastly upon the end of that which was to be done away" [ELLICOTT and others]. The view of Exodus 34:30-35 , according to the Septuagint is adopted by Paul, that Moses in going in to speak to God removed the veil till he came out and had spoken to the people; and then when he had done speaking, he put on the veil that they might not look on the end, or the fading, of that transitory glory. The veil was the symbol of concealment, put on directly after Moses' speaking; so that God's revelations by him were interrupted by intervals of concealment [ALFORD]. But ALFORD'S view does not accord with 2 Corinthians 3:7 ; the Israelites "could not look steadfastly on the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance." Plainly Moses' veil was put on because of their not having been able to "look steadfastly at him." Paul here ( 2 Corinthians 3:13 ) passes from the literal fact to the truth symbolized by it, the blindness of Jews and Judaizers to the ultimate end of the law: stating that Moses put on the veil that they might not look steadfastly at (Christ, Romans 10:4 ) the end of that (law) which (like Moses' glory) is done away. Not that Moses had this purpose; but often God attributes to His prophets the purpose which He has Himself. Because the Jews would not see, God judicially gave them up so as not to see. The glory of Moses' face is antitypically Christ s glory shining behind the veil of legal ordinances. The veil which has been taken off to the believer is left on to the unbelieving Jew, so that he should not see ( Isaiah 6:10 , Acts 28:26 Acts 28:27 ). He stops short at the letter of the law, not seeing the end of it. The evangelical glory of the law, like the shining of Moses' face, cannot be borne by a carnal people, and therefore remains veiled to them until the Spirit comes to take away the veil ( 2 Corinthians 3:14-17 ) [CAMERON].
14-18. Parenthetical: Of Christians in general. He resumes the subject of the ministry, 2 Corinthians 4:1 .
minds--Greek, "mental perceptions"; "understandings."
blinded--rather, "hardened." The opposite to "looking steadfastly at the end" of the law ( 2 Corinthians 3:13 ). The veil on Moses' face is further typical of the veil that is on their hearts.
untaken away . . . which veil--rather, "the same veil . . . remaineth untaken away [literally, not unveiled], so that they do not see THAT it (not the veil as English Version, but 'THE OLD TESTAMENT,' or covenant of legal ordinances) is done away ( 2 Corinthians 3:7 2 Corinthians 3:11 2 Corinthians 3:13 ) in Christ" or, as BENGEL, "Because it is done away in Christ," that is, it is not done away save in Christ: the veil therefore remains untaken away from them, because they will not come to Christ, who does away, with the law as a mere letter. If they once saw that the law is done away in Him, the veil would be no longer on their hearts in reading it publicly in their synagogues (so "reading" means, Acts 15:21 ). I prefer the former.
15. the veil is--rather, "a veil lieth upon their heart" (their understanding, affected by the corrupt will, John 8:43 , 1 Corinthians 2:14 ). The Tallith was worn in the synagogue by every worshipper, and to this veil hanging over the breast there may be an indirect allusion here making it symbolize the spiritual veil on their heart.
16. Moses took off the veil on entering into the presence of the Lord. So as to the Israelites whom Moses represents, "whensoever their heart (it) turns (not as English Version, 'shall turn') to the Lord, the veil is (by the very fact; not as English Version, 'shall be') taken away." Exodus 34:34 is the allusion; not Exodus 34:30 Exodus 34:31 , as ALFORD thinks. Whenever the Israelites turn to the Lord, who is the Spirit of the law, the veil is taken off their hearts in the presence of the Lord: as the literal veil was taken off by Moses in going before God: no longer resting on the dead letter, the veil, they by the Spirit commune with God and with the inner spirit of the Mosaic covenant (which answers to the glory of Moses' face unveiled in God's presence). Read less
Though Babylon would take the mastery of the known world and though it would be used as God's instrument of discipline against Judah, Isaiah saw that ... Read more
Though Babylon would take the mastery of the known world and though it would be used as God's instrument of discipline against Judah, Isaiah saw that its mastery would not last and that it too would be judged. The contrast of those spreading the table for a feast with those even then preparing the means of war points forward to the fall of the city of Babylon itself, when Belshazzar neglected his defenses and made a feast while the Medo-Persian army was even then diverting the river of the city so that they could march under its walls to capture it. (However, marginal notes in the Apologetics Study Bible suggest that this passage probably points to the conquest of Babylon by Assyrian forces in 689 B.C., given that Babylon was an ally of Judah at the time the prophecy was made and that one of the rrepetitive themes of Isaiah's prophecies was the need for Judah to rely on God rather than on foreign alliances.) “The wilderness of the sea” is probably symbolic language for the tumult of the Gentile nations, a figure that occurs elsewhere in Scripture, but may (per the ASB) refer to the origins of the Babylonian ruler Merodach-baladan. Read less
24 A man's steps are directed by the LORD. How then can anyone understand his own way?
Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete)
We are h... Read more
24 A man's steps are directed by the LORD. How then can anyone understand his own way?
Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete)
We are here taught that in all our affairs, 1. We have a necessary and constant dependence upon God. All our natural actions depend upon his providence, all our spiritual actions upon his grace. The best man is no better than God makes him; and every creature is that to us which it is the will of God that it should be. Our enterprises succeed, not as we desire and design, but as God directs and disposes. The goings even of a strong man (so the word signifies) are of the Lord, for his strength is weakness without God, nor is the battle always to the strong. 2. We have no foresight of future events, and therefore know not how to forecast for them: How can a man understand his own way? How can he tell what will befal him, since God’s counsels concerning him are secret, and therefore how can he of himself contrive what to do without divine direction? We so little understand our own way that we know not what is good for ourselves, and therefore we must make a virtue of necessity, and commit our way unto the Lord, in whose hand it is, follow the guidance and submit to the disposal of Providence.
Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise):
How can we form plans, and conduct business, independently of the Lord? Read less