The first four verses form one sentence; the empha... Read more
The first four verses form one sentence; the emphasis of the sentence is on how He spoke.
Literally in Greek: "in many portions and in many ways in these last days has spoken to us in His Son..."
This shows the continuity in revelation between the OT and NT:
The prophets: the whole OT scripture
2 Peter 1:21 "No prophecy was ever made by an act of human will but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God
2 Timothy 3:16 "All scripture is God-breathed..."
It's His word being communicated.
"He spoke in many portions in many ways" face to face, visions, dreams
Time, recipients, forms of revelation, and ways.
In these last days-long ago
To the fathers-to us
Used the prophets-uses His Son
Various ways-His Son
OT prophets saw the coming of Christ, but couldn't understand how he could come and suffer and die and rule and reign in glory-didn't see the gap. So these last days refer to the days of the Messiah. So there's nothing wrong with the old covenant, but didn't see that it was to prepare them for the coming of the Messiah who was the fulfillment of it.
Gal 3:23 The law is not in conflict with the promises of God
The purpose of the law was to guide and prepare them for the coming of Christ. Now we move onto the new covenant in Christ. This is what is unfolded in Hebrews-we can learn from the OT, but don't go back. The elementary things have served their purpose, but don't return to them.
In the Greek, the word "His" or any articles don't appear. It's just "Son", he is Son. In quality and characteristic, He is Son.
This is how we know what He is like, what He requires, about salvation...We have God's verbal communication and it was written for us to understand. This is the God who created communication.
Pre-existent, eternal sonship. He was the Son of God before born to earth, He created everything.
Earthly sonship, when He took to Himself humanity so He could be the savior and high priest of humanity.
And the future dimension, exaltation to glory as the Son of God.
All three of these are evident in the opening verses of Hebrews, the last one seen in the end of verse 3-His exaltation
He has spoken in Son. He who is in very nature and being is the Son of God. Sometimes talk about Him as He brought about creation, sometimes as One who was incarnate, sometimes about future exaltation. But He is always Son. Read less