See also notes in 8:25
8:26-27 Jesus did not rebuk... Read more
See also notes in 8:25
8:26-27 Jesus did not rebuke His disciples for disturbing Him but for failing to trust Him as they should have. He said they had "little faith" (Gr. oligopistos). Wherever Matthew used this word in his Gospel, it always reflects a failure to see below the surface of things. Faith in Messiah and fear are mutually exclusive. Therefore the disciples should not have been "timid" (NASB) or "afraid" (NIV). Even though the disciples believed Jesus could help them, they did not grasp that He was the Messiah who would die a sacrificial death for their sins. How could the divine Messiah whom God had sent die in a storm before He had finished His messianic work? It was impossible.
"The life of discipleship is susceptible to bouts of little faith. Such little faith is not to be condoned. Nevertheless, Jesus does not abandon his disciples at such times but stands ever ready with his saving power to sustain them so they can in fact discharge the mission he has entrusted to them."
The disciples expected help, but they were unprepared for the kind of deliverance Jesus provided. It was a much greater salvation than they hoped for. "The sea . . . became perfectly calm."
"His disciples who were seasoned fishermen had been through storms on this sea that had suddenly ceased. But after the wind would pass, the waves would continue to chop for a while."
Jesus' ability to calm the wind and water with a word made it clear that He had greater powers than these disciples had witnessed previously. This is the first nature miracle that Matthew recorded Jesus doing. "What kind of a man is this?" they asked." Who was He? The reader of Matthew's Gospel knows better than the disciples did. He is the virgin-born Messiah, God with us, come to provide salvation and to set up His kingdom. While the disciples were "men" (v. 27), Jesus was a different type of man, the God-man. Psalms 65:5-6Open in Logos Bible Software (if available); 89:8-9Open in Logos Bible Software (if available); 104:7Open in Logos Bible Software (if available); and 107:23-30Open in Logos Bible Software (if available) attribute the stilling of seas to God (cf. Jon. 1—2). Psalm 89:25Open in Logos Bible Software (if available) predicted that the ideal king would be able to do this.
The Israelites viewed the sea as an enemy they could not control. Throughout the Old Testament it epitomizes what is wild, hostile, and foreboding. It stood for their foes in some of their literature. Jesus' miracle also taught this secondary lesson. Here was a man exercising dominion over the sea, which God had appointed to man before the Fall (Gen. 1:28Open in Logos Bible Software (if available)). Jesus must be the Second Adam (cf. Rom. 5:12-17Open in Logos Bible Software (if available)).
"The incident is related, not primarily for the sake of recording a miracle, but as an instance of the subduing of the power of evil, which was one of the signs of the nearness of the Kingdom; see xii. 28."
In this incident, Matthew again presented Jesus as man and God. As man, He slept in the boat. As God, he calmed the sea (cf. 4:1-4; 12:22-32). As man, He suffers; but as God, He rules. The pericope indicates Jesus' power to fulfill the prophecies of Isaiah 30:23-24Open in Logos Bible Software (if available); 35:1-7Open in Logos Bible Software (if available); 41:17-18Open in Logos Bible Software (if available); 51:3Open in Logos Bible Software (if available); 55:13Open in Logos Bible Software (if available); Joel 3:18Open in Logos Bible Software (if available); Ezekiel 36:29-38Open in Logos Bible Software (if available); and Zechariah 10:1Open in Logos Bible Software (if available). He has all power over nature. Read less
8:10 Jesus expressed astonishment at this Gentile'... Read more
8:10 Jesus expressed astonishment at this Gentile's great faith in Him. The
Greek verb thaumazo, "to be amazed," usually describes the reaction of
people to Jesus in Matthew (cf. 8:27; 9:33; 15:31; 21:20; 22:22; 27:14).
This is the only time it describes Jesus' reaction to someone.
"'Wonder' cannot apply to God, for it arises out of what is
new and unexpected: but it might exist in Christ, for he had
clothed himself with our flesh, and with human
The introductory clause "I say to you" or "I tell you" alerted Jesus'
disciples that He was about to say something very important on His
personal authority (cf. 5:22). The greatness of the centurion's faith was due
to his perception of Jesus' relationship to God. It was not that he believed
Jesus could heal from a remote distance. Moreover the centurion was a
Gentile who evidently lacked the knowledge of Old Testament revelation
about Messiah. No Jew that Jesus had met had shown such insight into His
person and authority.
472Calvin, Commentary on . . ., 1:382. 138 Dr. Constable's Notes on Matthew 2013 Edition
Evidently, one of the reasons Matthew stressed the uniqueness of the
centurion's faith so strongly, was that he wanted to show the shift in Jesus'
ministry from Jews to all people (cf. 1:1, 3-5; 2:1-12; 3:9-10; 4:15-16;
"This incident is a preview of the great insight which came
later through another centurion's faith, 'Then to the Gentiles
God has granted repentance unto life' (Acts 11:18)."473
http://www.soniclight.com/constable/notes/pdf/matthew.pdf Read less