1 Kings 2:9

Overview - 1 Kings 2
David, having given a charge to Solomon,
of religiousness;
of Joab;
of Barzillai;
of Shimei;
10 dies.
12 Solomon succeeds.
13 Adonijah, moving Bath-sheba to sue unto Solomon for Abishag, is put to death.
26 Abiathar, having his life given him, is deprived of the priesthood.
28 Joab fleeing to the horns of the altar, is there slain.
35 Benaiah is put in Joab's room, and Zadok in Abiathar's.
36 Shimei, confined to Jerusalem, by occasion of going thence to Gath, is put to death.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Kings 2:9  (King James Version)
Now therefore hold him not guiltless: for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou oughtest to do unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood.

hold him
Do not consider him as an innocent man; for, as thou art a wise man, and knowest how to treat such persons, treat him as he deserves; only, as I have sworn to him that I would not put him to death, "bring not his hoar head down to the grave with blood." So Solomon understood David; for, after he had commanded Joab to be slain, in obedience to his father, he sent for Shimei, and knowing he ought to be well watched, he confined him to Jerusalem for the rest of his life: and so it appears David should be understood; for the negative particle {lo,} in the former clause, "hold him not guiltless," should
be repeated in the latter clause, though not expressed; instances of which frequently occur in the Hebrew Scriptures. (See Judges 5:30 ; 1 Samuel 2:3 . Psalms 1:5 ; 9:18 ; 38:1 ; 75:5 . Proverbs 5:16 ;
24:12 #24:12,etc) This is the view taken of the subject by Dr.
Kennicott, and it seems the best and most correct mode of interpreting the text. Exodus 20:7 ; 22:28 Job 9:28

1 Kings 3:12 1 Kings 3:28

6 ; Genesis 42:38 ; 44:31

Numbers 32:23