|Overview - 1 Samuel 20|
|1||David consults with Jonathan for his safety.|
|11||Jonathan and David renew their covenant by oath.|
|18||Jonathan's token to David.|
|24||Saul, missing David, seeks to kill Jonathan.|
|35||Jonathan affectionately takes his leave of David.|
1 Samuel 20:30 (King James Version)
Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother's nakedness?
- Job 5:2 ; Proverbs 14:29 ; Proverbs 19:12 Proverbs 19:19 21:24 25:28 27:3 James 1:19 James 1:20
- Thou, etc
- or, Thou perverse rebel. Hebrew Son of perverse
- Proverbs 15:2 ; 21:24 Matthew 5:22 ; Ephesians 4:31 ; 6:4
- and unto the
- This reflection on the mother of Jonathan, by the passionate monarch, reflects more dishonour on himself than on his brave and noble minded son. Mungo Park gives an instance of the prevalence of the same principles in Africa; for he says, "Maternal affection is every where conspicuous among the
- Africans, and creates a correspondent return of tenderness in the child. 'Strike me,' said my attendant, 'but do not curse my mother.' I found the same sentiment to prevail universally in all parts of Africa." King Saul, unable to villify Jonathan to his own satisfaction by personal reproaches, outstepped the ordinary abuse of his day, and proceeded to that which was designed to produce unusual vexation, and vented the bitterness of his mind by maligning the character of his own wife and Jonathan's mother.