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Exodus 39:6

Overview - Exodus 39
The cloths of service and holy garments.
The ephod.
The breast-plate.
22 The robe of the ephod.
27 The coats, mitre, and girdle of fine linen.
30 The plate of the holy crown.
32 All is finished, reviewed, and approved by Moses.
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Exodus 39:6  (King James Version)
And they wrought onyx stones inclosed in ouches of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel.
 


onyx stones
The meaning of the word {shoham} is not easily determined. It has been variously rendered a beryl, emerald, prasius, sapphire, sardius, ruby, carnelian, onyx, and sardonyx. It may signify both the onyx and sardonyx. The latter stone is a mixture of the chalcedony and carnelian, sometimes in strata, and at other times blended together, and is found striped with white and red strata, or layers. It is generally allowed that there is no real difference, except in hardness, between the carnelian, chalcedony, agate, sardonyx, and onyx. The onyx is of a darkish horny colour, resembling the nail or hoof, from which circumstance it has its name [(onyx).] It has often a plate of a blueish white or red in it, and when on one or both sides of this white there appears a plate of a reddish colour, the jewellers call the stone a sardonyx.
25:7 28:9 35:9 Job 28:16 ; Ezekiel 28:13

ouches
{Mishbetzoth,} strait places, sockets, to insert the stones in, from {shavatz,} to straiten, enclose.
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