Warnings from Israel's Past

1 Now I want you to know, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, all passed through the sea,
References for 1 Corinthians 10:1
      2 and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea.
      3 They all ate the same spiritual food,
      4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from a spiritual rock that followed them, and that rock was Christ.
      5 But God was not pleased with most of them, for they were struck down in the desert.
      6 Now these things became examples for us, so that we will not desire evil as they did.a
      References for 1 Corinthians 10:6
        • a 10:6 - Lit they desired
          7 Don't become idolaters as some of them were; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and got up to play. b c
          References for 1 Corinthians 10:7
              8 Let us not commit sexual immorality as some of them did,d and in a single day 23,000 people fell dead.e
              References for 1 Corinthians 10:8
                • d 10:8 - Lit them committed sexual immorality
                • e 10:8 - Ex 32:26-28
                  9 Let us not tempt Christ as some of them did,f and were destroyed by snakes.
                  References for 1 Corinthians 10:9
                    • f 10:9 - Lit them tempted
                      10 Nor should we complain as some of them did,g and were killed by the destroyer.h
                      References for 1 Corinthians 10:10
                        • g 10:10 - Lit them complained
                        • h 10:10 - Or the destroying angel
                          11 Now these things happened to them as examples, and they were written as a warning to us, on whom the ends of the ages have come.
                          12 Therefore, whoever thinks he stands must be careful not to fall!
                          13 No temptation has overtaken you except what is common to humanity. God is faithful and He will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation He will also provide a way of escape, so that you are able to bear it.

                          Warning against Idolatry

                          14 Therefore, my dear friends, flee from idolatry.
                          References for 1 Corinthians 10:14
                              15 I am speaking as to wise people. Judge for yourselves what I say.
                              16 The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a sharing in the blood of Christ? The bread that we break, is it not a sharing in the body of Christ?
                              17 Because there is one bread, we who are many are one body, for all of us share that one bread.
                              18 Look at the people of Israel.i Are not those who eat the sacrifices partners in the altar?
                              References for 1 Corinthians 10:18
                                • i 10:18 - Lit Look at Israel according to the flesh
                                  19 What am I saying then? That food offered to idols is anything, or that an idol is anything?
                                  20 No, but I do say that what theyj sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons and not to God. I do not want you to be partners with demons!
                                  References for 1 Corinthians 10:20
                                    • j 10:20 - Other mss read Gentiles
                                      21 You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons. You cannot share in the Lord's table and the table of demons.
                                      22 Or are we provoking the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than He?

                                      Christian Liberty

                                      23 "Everything is permissible,"k l but not everything is helpful. "Everything is permissible,"m n but not everything builds up.
                                      References for 1 Corinthians 10:23
                                        • k 10:23 - Other mss add for me
                                        • l 10:23 - See note at 1 Co 6:12
                                        • m 10:23 - Other mss add for me
                                        • n 10:23 - See note at 1 Co 6:12
                                          24 No one should seek his own [good], but [the good] of the other person.
                                          25 Eat everything that is sold in the meat market, asking no questions for conscience' sake, for
                                          26 the earth is the Lord's, and all that is in it. o
                                          References for 1 Corinthians 10:26
                                              27 If one of the unbelievers invites you over and you want to go, eat everything that is set before you, without raising questions of conscience.
                                              28 But if someone says to you, "This is food offered to an idol," do not eat it, out of consideration for the one who told you, and for conscience' sake.p
                                              References for 1 Corinthians 10:28
                                                • p 10:28 - Other mss add "For the earth is the Lord's and all that is in it."
                                                  29 I do not mean your own conscience, but the other person's. For why is my freedom judged by another person's conscience?
                                                  30 If I partake with thanks, why am I slandered because of something for which I give thanks?
                                                  31 Therefore, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do everything for God's glory.
                                                  32 Give no offense to the Jews or the Greeks or the church of God,
                                                  33 just as I also try to please all people in all things, not seeking my own profit, but the profit of many, that they may be saved.