Building the Temple

1 Solomon [began to] build the temple for the Lord in the four hundred eightieth year after the Israelites came out from the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of his reign over Israel, in the second month, in the month of Ziv.ab

References for 1 Kings 6:1

    • a 6:1 - April-May
    • b 6:1 - 1 Kg 6:37; 2 Ch 3:2
      2 The temple that King Solomon built for the Lord was 90 feetc long, 30 feetd wide, and 45 feete high.

      References for 1 Kings 6:2

        • c 6:2 - Lit 60 cubits
        • d 6:2 - Lit 20 cubits
        • e 6:2 - Lit 30 cubits
          3 The portico in front of the temple sanctuary was 30 feetf long extending across the temple's width, and 15 feet deepg in front of the temple.h

          References for 1 Kings 6:3

            • f 6:3 - Lit 20 cubits
            • g 6:3 - Lit 10 cubits wide
            • h 6:3 - 2 Ch 3:1-4
              4 He also made windows with beveled framesi for the temple.

              References for 1 Kings 6:4

                • i 6:4 - Hb obscure
                  5 He then built a chambered structurej along the temple wall, encircling the walls of the temple, that is, the sanctuary and the inner sanctuary. And he made side chambersk all around.

                  References for 1 Kings 6:5

                    • j 6:5 - Lit built the house of chamber
                    • k 6:5 - Lit made ribs or sides
                      6 The lowest chamber was seven and a half feetl wide, the middle was nine feetm wide, and the third was 10 and a half feetn wide. He also provided offset ledges for the temple all around the outside so that nothing would be inserted into the temple walls.

                      References for 1 Kings 6:6

                        • l 6:6 - Lit five cubits
                        • m 6:6 - Lit six cubits
                        • n 6:6 - Lit seven cubits
                          7 The temple's construction used finished stones cut at the quarry so that no hammer, chisel, or any iron tool was heard in the temple while it was being built.
                          8 The door for the lowesto side chamber was on the right side of the temple. They went up a stairwayp to the middle [chamber], and from the middle to the third.

                          References for 1 Kings 6:8

                            • o 6:8 - LXX, Tg; Hb reads middle
                            • p 6:8 - Hb obscure
                              9 When he finished building the temple, he paneled it with boards and planks of cedar.
                              10 He built the chambers along the entire temple, joined to the temple with cedar beams; [each story was] seven and a half feetq high.

                              References for 1 Kings 6:10

                                • q 6:10 - Lit five cubits
                                  11 The word of the Lord came to Solomon:
                                  12 "As for this temple you are building-if you walk in My statutes, execute My ordinances, and keep all My commandments by walking in them, I will fulfill My promise to you, which I made to your father David.
                                  13 I will live among the Israelites and not abandon My people Israel."
                                  14 When Solomon finished building the temple,r

                                  References for 1 Kings 6:14

                                    • r 6:14 - LXX omits these vv.
                                      15 he paneled the interior temple walls with cedar boards; from the temple floor to the surface of the ceiling he overlaid the interior with wood. He also overlaid the floor with cypress boards.
                                      16 Then he lined 30 feets of the rear of the temple with cedar boards from the floor to the surface of the ceiling,t and he built the interior as an inner sanctuary, the most holy place.

                                      References for 1 Kings 6:16

                                        • s 6:16 - Lit 20 cubits
                                        • t 6:16 - LXX; Hb omits of the ceiling; 1 Kg 6:15
                                          17 The temple, that is, the sanctuary in front of the most holy place,u was 60 feetv long.

                                          References for 1 Kings 6:17

                                            • u 6:17 - Hb obscure; lit front of me
                                            • v 6:17 - Lit 40 cubits
                                              18 The cedar paneling inside the temple was carved with [ornamental] gourds and flower blossoms. Everything was cedar; not a stone could be seen.
                                              19 He prepared the inner sanctuary inside the temple to put the ark of the Lord's covenant there.
                                              20 The interior of the sanctuary was 30 feetw long, 30 feet wide, and 30 feet high; he overlaid it with pure gold. He also overlaid the cedar altar.

                                              References for 1 Kings 6:20

                                                • w 6:20 - Lit 20 cubits
                                                  21 Next, Solomon overlaid the interior of the temple with pure gold, and he hungx gold chains across the front of the inner sanctuaryy and overlaid it with gold.

                                                  References for 1 Kings 6:21

                                                    • x 6:21 - Lit he caused to pass across
                                                    • y 6:21 - 2 Ch 3:16
                                                      22 So he added the gold overlay to the entire temple until everything was completely finished, including the entire altar that belongs in the inner sanctuary.
                                                      23 In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim 15 feetz high out of olive wood.

                                                      References for 1 Kings 6:23

                                                        • z 6:23 - Lit 10 cubits
                                                          24 One wing of the [first] cherub was seven and a half feet long,{ and the other wing was seven and a half feet long. The wingspan was 15 feet| from tip to tip.

                                                          References for 1 Kings 6:24

                                                            • { 6:24 - Lit five cubits
                                                            • | 6:24 - Lit 10 cubits
                                                              25 The second cherub also was 15 feet;} both cherubim had the same size and shape.

                                                              References for 1 Kings 6:25

                                                                • } 6:25 - Lit 10 cubits
                                                                  26 The first cherub's height was 15 feet~ and so was the second cherub's.

                                                                  References for 1 Kings 6:26

                                                                    • ~ 6:26 - Lit 10 cubits
                                                                      27 Then he put the cherubim inside the inner temple. Since their wings were spread out, the first one's wing touched [one] wall while the second cherub's wing touched the other wall, and in the middle of the temple their wings were touching wing to wing.€

                                                                      References for 1 Kings 6:27

                                                                        •  6:27 - Lit the second
                                                                        • € 6:27 - 2 Ch 3:8-13
                                                                          28 He also overlaid the cherubim with gold.
                                                                          29 He carved all the surrounding temple walls with carved engravings-cherubim, palm trees and flower blossoms-in both the inner and outer sanctuaries.
                                                                          30 He overlaid the temple floor with gold in both the inner and outer sanctuaries.
                                                                          31 For the entrance of the inner sanctuary, he made olive wood doors. The pillars of the doorposts were five-sided.

                                                                          References for 1 Kings 6:31

                                                                            •  6:31 - Hb obscure
                                                                              32 The two doors were made of olive wood. He carved cherubim, palm trees and flower blossoms on them and overlaid them with gold, hammering gold over the cherubim and palm trees.
                                                                              33 In the same way, he made four-sided‚ olive wood doorposts for the sanctuary entrance.

                                                                              References for 1 Kings 6:33

                                                                                • ‚ 6:33 - Hb obscure
                                                                                  34 The two doors were made of cypress wood; the first door had two folding sides, and the second door had two folding panels.
                                                                                  35 He carved cherubim, palm trees and flower blossoms on them and overlaid them with gold applied evenly over the carving.
                                                                                  36 He built the inner courtyard with three rows of dressed stone and a row of trimmed cedar beams.
                                                                                  37 The foundation of the Lord's temple was laid in [Solomon's] fourth year in the month of Ziv.
                                                                                  38 In [his] eleventh year in the eighth month, in the month of Bul,ƒ the temple was completed in every detail and according to every specification. So he built it in seven years.

                                                                                  References for 1 Kings 6:38

                                                                                    • ƒ 6:38 - October-November