1 Kings 22:1-40 CSB

Jehoshaphat's Alliance with Ahab

1 There was a lull of three years without war between Aram and Israel.

References for 1 Kings 22:1

      2 However, in the third year, Jehoshaphat king of Judah went to visit the king of Israel.
      3 The king of Israel had said to his servants, "Don't you know that Ramoth-gilead is ours, but we have failed to take it from the hand of the king of Aram?"
      4 So he asked Jehoshaphat, "Will you go with me to fight Ramoth-gilead?" Jehoshaphat replied to the king of Israel, "I am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses."
      5 But Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, "First, please ask what the Lord's will is."
      6 So the king of Israel gathered the prophets, about 400 men, and asked them, "Should I go against Ramoth-gilead for war or should I refrain?" They replied, "March up, and the Lord will hand it over to the king."a

      References for 1 Kings 22:6

        • a 22:6 - 2 Kg 3:7-8
          7 But Jehoshaphat asked, "Isn't there a prophet of Yahweh here any more? Let's ask him."b

          References for 1 Kings 22:7

            • b 22:7 - 2 Kg 3:11
              8 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "There is still one man who can ask the Lord, but I hate him because he never prophesies good about me, but only disaster. He is Micaiah son of Imlah." "The king shouldn't say that!" Jehoshaphat replied.
              9 So the king of Israel called an officer and said, "Hurry [and get] Micaiah son of Imlah!"c

              References for 1 Kings 22:9

                • c 22:9 - 2 Ch 18:1-8
                  10 Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat king of Judah, clothed in royal attire, were each sitting on his own throne. They were on the threshing floor at the entrance to Samaria's gate, and all the prophets were prophesying in front of them.
                  11 Then Zedekiah son of Chenaanah made iron horns and said, "This is what the Lord says: 'You will gore the Arameans with these until they are finished off.' "
                  12 And all the prophets were prophesying the same: "March up to Ramoth-gilead and succeed, for the Lord will hand it over to the king."d

                  References for 1 Kings 22:12

                      Micaiah's Message of Defeat

                      13 The messenger who went to call Micaiah instructed him, "Look, the words of the prophets are unanimously favorable for the king. So let your words be like theirs, and speak favorably."

                      References for 1 Kings 22:13

                          14 But Micaiah said, "As the Lord lives, I will say whatever the Lord says to me."e

                          References for 1 Kings 22:14

                            • e 22:14 - Nm 22:38; 24:13
                              15 So he went to the king, and the king asked him, "Micaiah, should we go to Ramoth-gilead for war, or should we refrain?" Micaiah told him, "March up and succeed. The Lord will hand it over to the king."
                              16 But the king said to him, "How many times must I make you swear not to tell me anything but the truth in the name of the Lord?"
                              17 So Micaiah said: I saw all Israel scattered on the hills like sheep without a shepherd.f And the Lord said, 'They have no master; let everyone return home in peace.'g

                              References for 1 Kings 22:17

                                • f 22:17 - Nm 27:16-17; Mt 9:36; Mk 6:34
                                • g 22:17 - 1 Kg 22:35-36
                                  18 So the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "Didn't I tell you he never prophesies good about me, but only disaster?"
                                  19 Then Micaiah said, "Therefore, hear the word of the Lord: I saw the Lord sitting on His throne, and the whole heavenly host was standing by Him at His right hand and at His left hand.
                                  20 And the Lord said, 'Who will entice Ahab to march up and fall at Ramoth-gilead?' So one was saying this and another was saying that.
                                  21 "Then a spirit came forward, stood before the Lord, and said, 'I will entice him.'
                                  22 "The Lord asked him, 'How?' "He said, 'I will go and become a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.' "Then He said, 'You will certainly entice him and prevail. Go and do that.'h

                                  References for 1 Kings 22:22

                                    • h 22:22 - Dt 13:1-5; Ezk 14:9;
                                      23 "You see, the Lord has put a lying spirit into the mouth of all these prophets of yours, and the Lord has pronounced disaster against you."
                                      24 Then Zedekiah son of Chenaanah came up, hit Micaiah in the face, and demanded, "Didi the Spirit of the Lord leave me to speak to you?"

                                      References for 1 Kings 22:24

                                        • i 22:24 - Lit Which way did
                                          25 Micaiah replied, "You will soon see when you go to hide yourself in an inner chamber on that day."j

                                          References for 1 Kings 22:25

                                              26 Then the king of Israel ordered, "Take Micaiah and return him to Amon, the governor of the city, and to Joash, the king's son,
                                              27 and say, 'This is what the king says: Put this guy in prison and feed him only bread and waterk until I come back safely.' "

                                              References for 1 Kings 22:27

                                                • k 22:27 - Lit him on bread of oppression and water of oppression
                                                  28 But Micaiah said, "If you ever return safely, the Lord has not spoken through me." Then he said, "Listen, all you people!"lmn

                                                  References for 1 Kings 22:28

                                                    • l 22:28 - LXX omits Then he said, "Listen, all you people!"
                                                    • m 22:28 - Mc 1:2
                                                    • n 22:28 - 2 Ch 18:12-27

                                                      Ahab's Death

                                                      29 Then the king of Israel and Judah's King Jehoshaphat went up to Ramoth-gilead.

                                                      References for 1 Kings 22:29

                                                          30 But the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "I will disguise myself and go into battle, but you wear your royal attire." So the king of Israel disguised himself and went into battle.o

                                                          References for 1 Kings 22:30

                                                              31 Now the king of Aram had ordered his 32 chariot commanders, "Do not fight with anyone at all except the king of Israel."
                                                              32 When the chariot commanders saw Jehoshaphat, they shouted, "He must be the king of Israel!" So they turned to fight against him, but Jehoshaphat cried out.
                                                              33 When the chariot commanders saw that he was not the king of Israel, they turned back from pursuing him.p

                                                              References for 1 Kings 22:33

                                                                • p 22:33 - 2 Ch 18:28-32
                                                                  34 But a man drew his bow without taking special aimq and struck the king of Israel through the joints of his armor. So he said to his charioteer, "Turn around and take me out of the battle, for I am badly wounded!"

                                                                  References for 1 Kings 22:34

                                                                    • q 22:34 - LXX reads bow with good aim
                                                                      35 The battle raged throughout that day, and the king was propped up in his chariot facing the Arameans. He died that evening,r and blood from his wound flowed into the bottom of the chariot.

                                                                      References for 1 Kings 22:35

                                                                        • r 22:35 - 2 Ch 18:33-34
                                                                          36 Then the cry rang out in the army as the sun set, declaring: Each man to his own city, and each man to his own land!s

                                                                          References for 1 Kings 22:36

                                                                              37 So the king died and was brought to Samaria. They buried the king in Samaria.
                                                                              38 Then someone washed the chariot at the pool of Samaria. The dogs licked up his blood, and the prostitutes bathed [in it], according to the word of the Lord that He had spoken.t

                                                                              References for 1 Kings 22:38

                                                                                  39 The rest of the events of Ahab's [reign], along with all his accomplishments, the ivory palace he built, and all the cities he built, are written about in the Historical Record of Israel's Kings.
                                                                                  40 Ahab rested with his fathers, and his son Ahaziah became king in his place.