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1 Samuel 15 CSB

Saul Rejected as King

1 Samuel told Saul, "The Lord sent me to anoint you as king over His people Israel. Now, listen to the words of the Lord.

References for 1 Samuel 15:1

      2 This is what the Lord of Hosts says: 'I witnesseda what the Amalekites did to the Israelites when they opposed them along the way as they were coming out of Egypt.b

      References for 1 Samuel 15:2

        • a 15:2 - LXX reads I will avenge
        • b 15:2 - Ex 17:8-16; Nm 24:20; Dt 25:17-19
          3 Now go and attack the Amalekites and completely destroy everything they have. Do not spare them. Kill men and women, children and infants, oxen and sheep, camels and donkeys.' "c

          References for 1 Samuel 15:3

            • c 15:3 - Jos 6:17-21
              4 Then Saul summoned the troops and counted them at Telaim: 200,000 foot soldiers and 10,000 men from Judah.
              5 Saul came to the city of Amalek and set up an ambush in the wadi.
              6 He warned the Kenites, "Since you showed kindness to all the Israelites when they came out of Egypt, go on and leave! Get away from the Amalekites, or I'll sweep you away with them." So the Kenites withdrew from the Amalekites.
              7 Then Saul struck down the Amalekites from Havilah all the way to Shur, which is next to Egypt.
              8 He captured Agag king of Amalek alive, but he completely destroyed all the rest of the people with the sword.
              9 Saul and the troops spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, cattle, and fatlings,d as well as the young rams and the best of everything else. They were not willing to destroy them, but they did destroy all the worthless and unwanted things.

              References for 1 Samuel 15:9

                • d 15:9 - LXX, Syr, Tg; Hb reads and the second
                  10 Then the word of the Lord came to Samuel:
                  11 "I regret that I made Saul king, for he has turned away from following Me and has not carried out My instructions." So Samuel became angry and cried out to the Lord [all] night.
                  12 Early in the morning Samuel got up to confront Saul, but it was reported to Samuel, "Saul went to Carmel where he set up a monument for himself. Then he turned around and went down to Gilgal."
                  13 When Samuel came to him, Saul said, "May the Lord bless you. I have carried out the Lord's instructions."
                  14 Samuel replied, "Then what is this sound of sheepe and cattle I hear?"

                  References for 1 Samuel 15:14

                    • e 15:14 - Lit sheep in my ears
                      15 Saul answered, "The troops brought them from the Amalekites and spared the best sheep and cattle in order to offer a sacrifice to the Lord your God, but the rest we destroyed."f

                      References for 1 Samuel 15:15

                          16 "Stop!" exclaimed Samuel. "Let me tell you what the Lord said to me last night." "Tell me," he replied.
                          17 Samuel continued, "Although you once considered yourself unimportant,g have you not become the leader of the tribes of Israel? The Lord anointed you king over Israel

                          References for 1 Samuel 15:17

                              18 and then sent you on a mission and said: 'Go and completely destroy the sinful Amalekites. Fight against them until you have annihilated them.'h

                              References for 1 Samuel 15:18

                                  19 So why didn't you obey the Lord? Why did you rush on the plunderi and do what was evil in the Lord's sight?"

                                  References for 1 Samuel 15:19

                                      20 "But I did obey the Lord!" Saul answered.j "I went on the mission the Lord gave me: I brought back Agag, king of Amalek, and I completely destroyed the Amalekites.

                                      References for 1 Samuel 15:20

                                        • j 15:20 - Lit answered Samuel
                                          21 The troops took sheep and cattle from the plunder-the best of what was set apart for destruction-to sacrifice to the Lord your God at Gilgal."
                                          22 Then Samuel said: Does the Lord take pleasure in burnt offerings and sacrifices as much as in obeying the Lord? Look: to obey is better than sacrifice, to pay attention [is better] than the fat of rams.k

                                          References for 1 Samuel 15:22

                                            • k 15:22 - Ps 40:6-8; 51:16-17; Heb 10:5-7
                                              23 For rebellion is like the sin of divination, and defiance is like wickedness and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the Lord, He has rejected you as king.l

                                              References for 1 Samuel 15:23

                                                  24 Saul answered Samuel, "I have sinned.m I have transgressed the Lord's command and your words. Because I was afraid of the people, I obeyed them.

                                                  References for 1 Samuel 15:24

                                                    • m 15:24 - Nm 22:34; 2 Sm 12:13; Ps 51:3-4
                                                      25 Now therefore, please forgive my sin and return with me so I can worship the Lord."
                                                      26 Samuel replied to Saul, "I will not return with you. Because you rejected the word of the Lord, the Lord has rejected you from being king over Israel."
                                                      27 When Samuel turned to go, Saul grabbed the hem of his robe, and it tore.
                                                      28 Samuel said to him, "The Lord has torn the kingship of Israel away from you today and has given it to your neighbor who is better than you.n

                                                      References for 1 Samuel 15:28

                                                        • n 15:28 - 1 Kg 11:30-36
                                                          29 Furthermore, the Eternal One of Israel does not lie or change His mind, for He is not man who changes his mind."o

                                                          References for 1 Samuel 15:29

                                                              30 Saul said, "I have sinned. Please honor me now before the elders of my people and before Israel. Come back with me so I can bow and worship the Lord your God."
                                                              31 Then Samuel went back, following Saul, and Saul bowed down to the Lord.
                                                              32 Samuel said, "Bring me Agag king of Amalek." Agag came to him trembling,p for he thought, "Certainly the bitterness of death has come."q

                                                              References for 1 Samuel 15:32

                                                                • p 15:32 - Hb obscure
                                                                • q 15:32 - LXX reads Is death bitter in this way?
                                                                  33 Samuel declared: As your sword has made women childless, so your mother will be childless among women. Then he hacked Agag to pieces before the Lord at Gilgal.
                                                                  34 Samuel went to Ramah, and Saul went up to his home in Gibeah of Saul.
                                                                  35 Even to the day of his death, Samuel never again visited Saul. Samuel mourned for Saul, and the Lord regretted He had made Saul king over Israel.

                                                                  Study tools for 1 Samuel 15

                                                                  • a 15:2 - LXX reads I will avenge
                                                                  • b 15:2 - Ex 17:8-16; Nm 24:20; Dt 25:17-19
                                                                  • c 15:3 - Jos 6:17-21
                                                                  • d 15:9 - LXX, Syr, Tg; Hb reads and the second
                                                                  • e 15:14 - Lit sheep in my ears
                                                                  • f 15:15 - Ex 32:21-24
                                                                  • g 15:17 - 1 Sm 9:21
                                                                  • h 15:18 - 1 Sm 15:3
                                                                  • i 15:19 - 1 Sm 14:32
                                                                  • j 15:20 - Lit answered Samuel
                                                                  • k 15:22 - Ps 40:6-8; 51:16-17; Heb 10:5-7
                                                                  • l 15:23 - 1 Sm 8:7
                                                                  • m 15:24 - Nm 22:34; 2 Sm 12:13; Ps 51:3-4
                                                                  • n 15:28 - 1 Kg 11:30-36
                                                                  • o 15:29 - Nm 23:19
                                                                  • p 15:32 - Hb obscure
                                                                  • q 15:32 - LXX reads Is death bitter in this way?