1 Samuel 21 CSB

David Flees to Nob

1 David went to Ahimelech the priest at Nob. Ahimelech was afraid to meet David, so he said to him, "Why are you alone and no one is with you?"

References for 1 Samuel 21:1

      2 David answered Ahimelech the priest, "The king gave me a mission, but he told me, 'Don't let anyone know anything about the mission I'm sending you on or what I have ordered you [to do].' I have stationed [my] young men at a certain place.
      3 Now what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread or whatever can be found."
      4 The priest told him, "There is no ordinary bread on hand. However, there is consecrated bread,a but the young men may eat itb only if they have kept themselves from women."c

      References for 1 Samuel 21:4

        • a 21:4 - Ex 25:30; Lv 24:5-9; Mt 12:3-4
        • b 21:4 - DSS; MT omits may eat it
        • c 21:4 - Ex 19:15
          5 David answered him, "I swear that women are being kept from us, as always when I go out [to battle].d The young men's bodiese are consecrated even on an ordinary mission, so of course their bodies are consecrated today."

          References for 1 Samuel 21:5

            • d 21:5 - 2 Sm 11:11
            • e 21:5 - Lit vessels
              6 So the priest gave him the consecrated [bread], for there was no bread there except the bread of the Presence that had been removed from before the Lord. When the bread was removed, it had been replaced with warm bread.
              7 One of Saul's servants, detained before the Lord, was there that day. His name was Doeg the Edomite, chief of Saul's shepherds.
              8 David said to Ahimelech, "Do you have a spear or sword on hand? I didn't even bring my sword or my weapons since the king's mission was urgent."
              9 The priest replied, "The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Elah,f is here, wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod. If you want to take it for yourself, then take it, for there isn't another one here." "There's none like it!" David said. "Give it to me."

              References for 1 Samuel 21:9

                  David Flees to Gath

                  10 David fled that day from Saul's presence and went to King Achish of Gath.

                  References for 1 Samuel 21:10

                      11 But Achish's servants said to him, "Isn't this David, the king of the land? Don't they sing about him during their dances: Saul has killed his thousands, but David his tens of thousands?"g

                      References for 1 Samuel 21:11

                        • g 21:11 - 1 Sm 18:7, 29:5
                          12 David took this to hearth and became very afraid of King Achish of Gath,

                          References for 1 Samuel 21:12

                            • h 21:12 - Lit David placed these words in his heart
                              13 so he pretended to be insane in their presence. He acted like a madman around them,ijscribblingk on the doors of the gate and letting saliva run down his beard.

                              References for 1 Samuel 21:13

                                • i 21:13 - Lit madman in their hand
                                • j 21:13 - Pss 34, 56 superscriptions
                                • k 21:13 - LXX reads drumming
                                  14 "Look! You can see the man is crazy," Achish said to his servants. "Why did you bring him to me?
                                  15 Do I have such a shortage of crazy people that you brought this one to act crazy around me? Is this one going to come into my house?"l

                                  References for 1 Samuel 21:15

                                    • l 21:15 - Ps 34 superscription