2 Chronicles 18 CSB

Jehoshaphat's Alliance with Ahab

1 Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honor in abundance, and he made an alliance with Ahab through marriage.ab

References for 2 Chronicles 18:1

    • a 18:1 - Lit made himself a son-in-law to Ahab; 1 Kg 3:1; Ezr 9:14
    • b 18:1 - 2 Kg 8:18
      2 Then after some years, he went down to visit Ahab in Samaria. Ahab sacrificed many sheep and cattle for him and for the people who were with him. Then he persuaded him to march up to Ramoth-gilead,
      3 for Israel's King Ahab asked Judah's King Jehoshaphat, "Will you go with me to Ramoth-gilead?" He replied to him, "I am as you are, my people as your people; [we will be] with you in the battle."
      4 But Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, "First, please ask what the Lord's will is."
      5 So the king of Israel gathered the prophets, 400 men, and asked them, "Should we go to Ramoth-gilead for war or should I refrain?" They replied, "March up, and God will hand it over to the king."
      6 But Jehoshaphat asked, "Isn't there a prophet of Yahweh here any more? Let's ask him."c

      References for 2 Chronicles 18:6

        • c 18:6 - 2 Kg 3:11
          7 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "There is still one man who can ask the Lord, but I hate him because he never prophesies good about me, but only disaster. He is Micaiah son of Imlah." "The king shouldn't say that," Jehoshaphat replied.
          8 So the king of Israel called an officer and said, "Hurry [and get] Micaiah son of Imlah!"d

          References for 2 Chronicles 18:8

            • d 18:8 - 1 Kg 22:1-9
              9 Now the king of Israel and King Jehoshaphat of Judah, clothed in royal attire, were each sitting on his own throne. They were sitting on the threshing floor at the entrance to Samaria's gate, and all the prophets were prophesying in front of them.
              10 Then Zedekiah son of Chenaanah made iron horns and said, "This is what the Lord says: 'You will gore the Arameans with these until they are finished off.' "
              11 And all the prophets were prophesying the same, saying, "March up to Ramoth-gilead and succeed, for the Lord will hand it over to the king."e

              References for 2 Chronicles 18:11

                • e 18:11 - 1 Kg 22:10-12

                  Micaiah's Message of Defeat

                  12 The messenger who went to call Micaiah instructed him, "Look, the words of the prophets are unanimously favorable for the king. So let your words be like theirs, and speak favorably."

                  References for 2 Chronicles 18:12

                      13 But Micaiah said, "As the Lord lives, I will say whatever my God says."fg

                      References for 2 Chronicles 18:13

                        • f 18:13 - LXX, Vg add to me; 1 Kg 22:14
                        • g 18:13 - Nm 22:38; 24:13
                          14 So he went to the king, and the king asked him, "Micaiah, should we go to Ramoth-gilead for war, or should Ih refrain?" Micaiah said, "March up and succeed, for they will be handed over to you."

                          References for 2 Chronicles 18:14

                            • h 18:14 - LXX reads we; 1 Kg 22:15
                              15 But the king said to him, "How many times must I make you swear not to tell me anything but the truth in the name of the Lord?"
                              16 So Micaiah said: I saw all Israel scattered on the hills like sheep without a shepherd.i And the Lord said, 'They have no master; let each return home in peace.'j

                              References for 2 Chronicles 18:16

                                • i 18:16 - Nm 27:16-17; Mt 9:36; Mk 6:34
                                • j 18:16 - 1 Kg 22:35-36
                                  17 So the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "Didn't I tell you he never prophesies good about me, but only disaster?"
                                  18 Then Micaiah said, "Therefore, hear the word of the Lord. I saw the Lord sitting on His throne, and the whole heavenly host was standing at His right hand and at His left hand.
                                  19 And the Lord said, 'Who will entice Ahab king of Israel to march up and fall at Ramoth-gilead?' So one was saying this and another was saying that.
                                  20 "Then a spirit came forward, stood before the Lord, and said, 'I will entice him.' "The Lord asked him, 'How?'
                                  21 "So he said, 'I will go and become a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.' "Then He said, 'You will entice him and also prevail. Go and do that.'k

                                  References for 2 Chronicles 18:21

                                    • k 18:21 - Dt 13:1-5; Jr 27:9-10; Ezk 14:9; 2 Th 2:9-12
                                      22 "Now, you see, the Lord has put a lying spirit into the mouth ofl these prophets of yours, and the Lord has pronounced disaster against you."

                                      References for 2 Chronicles 18:22

                                        • l 18:22 - Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr, Vg add all; 1 Kg 22:23
                                          23 Then Zedekiah son of Chenaanah came up, hit Micaiah in the face, and demanded, "Didm the Spirit of the Lord leave me to speak to you?"

                                          References for 2 Chronicles 18:23

                                            • m 18:23 - Lit Which way did
                                              24 Micaiah replied, "You will soon see when you go to hide yourself in an inner chamber on that day."n

                                              References for 2 Chronicles 18:24

                                                  25 Then the king of Israel ordered, "Take Micaiah and return him to Amon, the governor of the city, and to Joash, the king's son,
                                                  26 and say, 'This is what the king says: Put this guy in prison and feed him only bread and watero until I come back safely.' "

                                                  References for 2 Chronicles 18:26

                                                    • o 18:26 - Lit him on bread of oppression and water of oppression
                                                      27 But Micaiah said, "If you ever return safely, the Lord has not spoken through me." Then he said, "Listen, all you people!"pq

                                                      References for 2 Chronicles 18:27

                                                          Ahab's Death

                                                          28 Then the king of Israel and Judah's King Jehoshaphat went up to Ramoth-gilead.

                                                          References for 2 Chronicles 18:28

                                                              29 But the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "I will disguise myself and go into battle, but you wear your royal attire." So the king of Israel disguised himself, and they went into battle.r

                                                              References for 2 Chronicles 18:29

                                                                  30 Now the king of Aram had ordered his chariot commanders, "Do not fight with anyone, small or great, except the king of Israel."
                                                                  31 When the chariot commanders saw Jehoshaphat, they shouted, "He must be the king of Israel!" So they turned to attack him, but Jehoshaphat cried out and the Lord helped him. God drew them away from him.
                                                                  32 When the chariot commanders saw that he was not the king of Israel, they turned back from pursuing him.s

                                                                  References for 2 Chronicles 18:32

                                                                    • s 18:32 - 1 Kg 22:29-33
                                                                      33 But a man drew his bow without taking special aim and struck the king of Israel through the joints of his armor. So he said to the charioteer, "Turn around and take me out of the battle,t for I am badly wounded!"u

                                                                      References for 2 Chronicles 18:33

                                                                        • t 18:33 - LXX, Vg; MT reads camp
                                                                        • u 18:33 - 2 Ch 35:23
                                                                          34 The battle raged throughout that day, and the king of Israel propped himself up in his chariot facing the Arameans until evening. Then he died at sunset.v

                                                                          References for 2 Chronicles 18:34

                                                                            • v 18:34 - 1 Kg 22:34-35