2 Chronicles 32 CSB

Sennacherib's Invasion

1 After these faithful deeds, Sennacherib king of Assyria came and entered Judah. He laid siege to the fortified cities and intendeda to break into them.b

References for 2 Chronicles 32:1

    • a 32:1 - Lit said to himself
    • b 32:1 - 2 Kg 18:13; Isa 36:1
      2 Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come and that he plannedc war on Jerusalem,

      References for 2 Chronicles 32:2

        • c 32:2 - Lit that his face was for
          3 so he consulted with his officials and his warriors about stopping up the waters of the springs that were outside the city, and they helped him.
          4 Many people gathered and stopped up all the springs and the stream that flowed through the land; they said, "Why should the kings of Assyria come and find plenty of water?"
          5 Then Hezekiah strengthened his position by rebuilding the entire broken-down wall and heightening the towers and the other outside wall. He repaired the supporting terracesd of the city of David, and made an abundance of weapons and shields.

          References for 2 Chronicles 32:5

            • d 32:5 - 2 Sm 5:9; 1 Kg 9:15
              6 He set military commanders over the people and gathered the people in the square of the city gate. Then he encouraged them,e saying,

              References for 2 Chronicles 32:6

                • e 32:6 - Lit he spoke to their hearts
                  7 "Be strong and courageous!f Don't be afraid or discouraged before the king of Assyria or before all the multitude with him, for there are more with us than with him.g

                  References for 2 Chronicles 32:7

                    • f 32:7 - Dt 31:6; Jos 1:6-9; 10:25; Ps 31:24
                    • g 32:7 - 2 Kg 6:16; 1 Jn 4:4
                      8 He has only human strength,hibut we have the Lord our God to help us and to fight our battles." So the people relied on the words of King Hezekiah of Judah.

                      References for 2 Chronicles 32:8

                        • h 32:8 - Lit With him an arm of flesh
                        • i 32:8 - Isa 31:3; Jr 17:5

                          Sennacherib's Servant's Speech

                          9 After this, while Sennacherib king of Assyria with all his armed forces besiegedj Lachish, he sent his servants to Jerusalem against King Hezekiah of Judah and against all those of Judah who were in Jerusalem, saying,

                          References for 2 Chronicles 32:9

                            • j 32:9 - Lit with his dominion was against
                              10 "This is what King Sennacherib of Assyria says: 'What are you trusting in, you who remain under the siege of Jerusalem?
                              11 Isn't Hezekiah misleading you to give you over to death by famine and thirst when he says, "The Lord our God will deliver us from the power of the king of Assyria"?
                              12 Didn't Hezekiah himself remove His high places and His altars and say to Judah and Jerusalem: "You must worship before one altar, and you must burn incense on it"?k

                              References for 2 Chronicles 32:12

                                • k 32:12 - 2 Kg 18:17-22; Isa 36:2-7
                                  13 " 'Don't you know what I and my fathers have done to all the peoples of the lands? Have any of the national gods of the lands been able to deliver their land from my power?
                                  14 Who among all the gods of these nations that my fathers utterly destroyed was able to deliver his people from my power, that your God should be able to do the same for you?l

                                  References for 2 Chronicles 32:14

                                    • l 32:14 - 2 Kg 18:33-35; Isa 36:18-20
                                      15 So now, don't let Hezekiah deceive you, and don't let him mislead you like this. Don't believe him, for no god of any nation or kingdom has been able to deliver his people from my power or the power of my fathers. How much less will your gods deliver you from my power!' "
                                      16 His servants said more against the Lord God and against His servant Hezekiah.
                                      17 He also wrote letters to mock the Lord God of Israel, saying against Him: Just like the national gods of the lands that did not deliver their people from my power, so Hezekiah's God will not deliver His people from my power.
                                      18 Then they called out loudly in Hebrewm to the people of Jerusalem who were on the wall to frighten and discourage them in order that he might capture the city.n

                                      References for 2 Chronicles 32:18

                                        • m 32:18 - Lit Judahite
                                        • n 32:18 - 2 Kg 18:28-30; Isa 36:13-15
                                          19 They spoke against the God of Jerusalem like they had spoken against the gods of the peoples of the land, which were made by human hands.

                                          Deliverance from Sennacherib

                                          20 King Hezekiah and the prophet Isaiah son of Amoz prayed about this and cried out to heaven,o

                                          References for 2 Chronicles 32:20

                                            • o 32:20 - 2 Kg 19:15; Isa 37:15
                                              21 and the Lord sent an angel who annihilated every brave warrior, leader, and commander in the camp of the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria returned with shame to his land. He went to the temple of his god, and there some of his own children cut him down with the sword.p

                                              References for 2 Chronicles 32:21

                                                • p 32:21 - 2 Kg 19:35-37; Isa 37:36-38
                                                  22 So the Lord saved Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem from the power of King Sennacherib of Assyria and from the power of all others. He gave them restq on every side.

                                                  References for 2 Chronicles 32:22

                                                    • q 32:22 - Lit He led them; Ps 23:2
                                                      23 Many were bringing an offering to the Lord to Jerusalem and valuable gifts to King Hezekiah of Judah, and he was exalted in the eyes of all the nations after that.r

                                                      References for 2 Chronicles 32:23

                                                          Hezekiah's Illness and Pride

                                                          24 In those days Hezekiah became sick to the point of death, so he prayed to the Lord, and He spoke to him and gave him a miraculous sign.s

                                                          References for 2 Chronicles 32:24

                                                            • s 32:24 - 2 Kg 20:1-3,8-11; Isa 38:1-3,7-8
                                                              25 However, because his heart was proud, Hezekiah didn't respond according to the benefit that had come to him. So there was wrath upon him, upon Judah, and upon Jerusalem.
                                                              26 Then Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart-he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem-so the Lord's wrath didn't come on them during Hezekiah's lifetime.t

                                                              References for 2 Chronicles 32:26

                                                                • t 32:26 - 2 Kg 20:18-19; Isa 39:7-8

                                                                  Hezekiah's Wealth and Works

                                                                  27 Hezekiah had abundant riches and glory, and he made himself treasuries for silver, gold, precious stones, spices, shields, and every desirable item.

                                                                  References for 2 Chronicles 32:27

                                                                      28 He made warehouses for the harvest of grain, wine, and oil, and stalls for all kinds of cattle, and pens for flocks.
                                                                      29 He made cities for himself, and he acquired herds of sheep and cattle in abundance, for God gave him abundant possessions.
                                                                      30 This same Hezekiah blocked the outlet of the water of the Upper Gihon and channeled it smoothly downward and westward to the city of David.u Hezekiah succeeded in everything he did.

                                                                      References for 2 Chronicles 32:30

                                                                          31 When the ambassadors of Babylon's rulers were sentv to him to inquire about the miraculous sign that happened in the land, God left him to test him and discover what was in his heart.w

                                                                          References for 2 Chronicles 32:31

                                                                            • v 32:31 - LXX, Tg, Vg; MT reads of Babylon sent
                                                                            • w 32:31 - Dt 8:2; 13:3

                                                                              Hezekiah's Death

                                                                              32 As for the rest of the events of Hezekiah's [reign] and his deeds of faithful love, note that they are written about in the Visions of the Prophet Isaiah son of Amoz, and in the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel.

                                                                              References for 2 Chronicles 32:32

                                                                                  33 Hezekiah rested with his fathers and was buried on the ascent to the tombs of David's descendants. All Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem paid him honor at his death. His son Manasseh became king in his place.x

                                                                                  References for 2 Chronicles 32:33

                                                                                    • x 32:33 - 2 Kg 20:20-21