2 Kings 16 CSB

Judah's King Ahaz

1 In the seventeenth year of Pekah son of Remaliah, Ahaz son of Jotham became king of Judah.

References for 2 Kings 16:1

      2 Ahaz was 20 years old when he became king; he reigned 16 years in Jerusalem. He did not do what was right in the sight of the Lord his God like his ancestor David
      3 but walked in the way of the kings of Israel. He even made his son pass through the fire,a imitating the abominations of the nations the Lord had dispossessed before the Israelites.b

      References for 2 Kings 16:3

        • a 16:3 - Either a Canaanite cult practice or child sacrifice
        • b 16:3 - 2 Kg 21:6; Dt 18:10; 2 Ch 33:6
          4 He sacrificed and burned incense on the high places, on the hills, and under every green tree.c

          References for 2 Kings 16:4

            • c 16:4 - 2 Ch 28:1-4
              5 Then Aram's King Rezin and Israel's King Pekah son of Remaliah came to wage war against Jerusalem. They besieged Ahaz but were not able to conquer him.
              6 At that time Rezin king of Aram recovered Elath for Aram and expelled the Judahites from Elath. Then the Arameans came to Elath, and they live there until today.d

              References for 2 Kings 16:6

                • d 16:6 - 2 Ch 28:5-6; Isa 7:1-9
                  7 So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, saying, "I am your servant and your son. March up and save me from the power of the king of Aram and of the king of Israel, who are rising up against me."
                  8 Ahaz also took the silver and gold found in the Lord's temple and in the treasuries of the king's palace and sent [them] to the king of Assyria as a gift.e

                  References for 2 Kings 16:8

                    • e 16:8 - 2 Kg 12:17-18; 18:15; 1 Kg 15:19
                      9 So the king of Assyria listened to him and marched up to Damascus and captured it. He deported its people to Kir but put Rezin to death.f

                      References for 2 Kings 16:9

                        • f 16:9 - 2 Ch 28:16-19

                          Ahaz's Idolatry

                          10 King Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria. When he saw the altar that was in Damascus, King Ahaz sent a model of the altar and complete plans for its construction to Uriah the priest.g

                          References for 2 Kings 16:10

                              11 Uriah built the altar according to all [the instructions] King Ahaz sent from Damascus. Therefore, by the time King Ahaz came back from Damascus, Uriah the priest had made it.
                              12 When the king came back from Damascus, he saw the altar. Then he approached the altar and ascended it.
                              13 He offered his burnt offering and his grain offering, poured out his drink offering, and sprinkled the blood of his fellowship offerings on the altar.
                              14 He took the bronze altar that was before the Lord in front of the temple between [his] altar and the Lord's temple, and put it on the north side of [his] altar.
                              15 Then King Ahaz commanded Uriah the priest, "Offer on the great altar the morning burnt offering, the evening grain offering, and the king's burnt offering and his grain offering. [Also offer] the burnt offering of all the people of the land, their grain offering, and their drink offerings. Sprinkle on the altar all the blood of the burnt offering and all the blood of sacrifice. The bronze altar will be for me to seek guidance."h

                              References for 2 Kings 16:15

                                  16 Uriah the priest did everything King Ahaz commanded.
                                  17 Then King Ahaz cut off the frames of the water cartsi and removed the bronze basin from [each of] them. He took the reservoirjkfrom the bronze oxen that were under it and put it on a stone pavement.

                                  References for 2 Kings 16:17

                                    • i 16:17 - Lit the stands
                                    • j 16:17 - Lit sea
                                    • k 16:17 - 1Kg 7:23-25,38-39; 2 Ch 28:24
                                      18 To satisfy the king of Assyria, he removed from the Lord's temple the Sabbath canopy they had built in the palace, and [he closed] the outer entrance for the king.

                                      Ahaz's Death

                                      19 The rest of the events of Ahaz's [reign], along with his accomplishments, are written about in the Historical Record of Judah's Kings.

                                      References for 2 Kings 16:19

                                          20 Ahaz rested with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David, and his son Hezekiah became king in his place.l

                                          References for 2 Kings 16:20

                                            • l 16:20 - 2 Ch 28:26-27