2 Kings 18 CSB

Judah's King Hezekiah

1 In the third year of Israel's King Hoshea son of Elah, Hezekiah son of Ahaz became king of Judah.

References for 2 Kings 18:1

      2 He was 25 years old when he became king; he reigned 29 years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Abia daughter of Zechariah.

      References for 2 Kings 18:2

        • a 18:2 - Abijah in 2 Ch 29:1
          3 He did what was right in the Lord's sight just as his ancestor David had done.b

          References for 2 Kings 18:3

            • b 18:3 - 2 Ch 29:1-2
              4 He removed the high places and shattered the sacred pillars and cut down the Asherah [poles].c He broke into pieces the bronze snake that Moses made,d for the Israelites burned incense to it up to that time. He called it Nehushtan.e

              References for 2 Kings 18:4

                • c 18:4 - 2 Kg 17:10; 2 Ch 31:1
                • d 18:4 - Nm 21:8-9
                • e 18:4 - A bronze thing
                  5 Hezekiah trusted in the Lord God of Israel;f not one of the kings of Judah was like him, either before him or after him.g

                  References for 2 Kings 18:5

                    • f 18:5 - 2 Kg 19:10
                    • g 18:5 - 2 Kg 23:25; 1 Kg 3:12
                      6 He held fast to the Lord and did not turn from following Him but kept the commandments the Lord had commanded Moses.
                      7 The Lord was with him, and wherever he went, he prospered. He rebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him.
                      8 He defeated the Philistines as far as Gaza and its borders, from watchtower to fortified city.

                      Review of Israel's Fall

                      9 In the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Israel's King Hoshea son of Elah, Shalmaneser king of Assyria marched against Samaria and besieged it.

                      References for 2 Kings 18:9

                          10 The Assyrians captured it at the end of three years. In the sixth year of Hezekiah, which was the ninth year of Israel's King Hoshea, Samaria was captured.
                          11 The king of Assyria deported the Israelites to Assyria and put them in Halah and by the Habor, Gozan's river, and in the cities of the Medes,h

                          References for 2 Kings 18:11

                              12 because they did not listen to the voice of the Lord their God but violated His covenant-all He had commanded Moses the servant of the Lord. They did not listen, and they did not obey.

                              Sennacherib's Invasion

                              13 In the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib king of Assyria attacked all the fortified cities of Judah and captured them.i

                              References for 2 Kings 18:13

                                • i 18:13 - 2 Ch 32:1; Isa 36:1
                                  14 So Hezekiah king of Judah sent word to the king of Assyria at Lachish, saying, "I have done wrong. Withdraw from me. Whatever you demand from me, I will pay." The king of Assyria demanded from King Hezekiah of Judah 11 tonsj of silver and one tonk of gold.

                                  References for 2 Kings 18:14

                                    • j 18:14 - Lit 300 talents
                                    • k 18:14 - Lit 30 talents
                                      15 So Hezekiah gave [him] all the silver found in the Lord's temple and in the treasuries of the king's palace.
                                      16 At that time Hezekiah stripped [the gold from] the doors of the Lord's sanctuary and from the doorposts he had overlaid and gave it to the king of Assyria.l

                                      References for 2 Kings 18:16

                                        • l 18:16 - 2 Kg 12:18; 16:8; 2 Ch 16:2
                                          17 Then the king of Assyria sent the Tartan, the Rab-saris, and the Rabshakeh,m along with a massive army, from Lachish to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem.n They advanced and came to Jerusalem, ando they took their position by the aqueduct of the upper pool, which is by the highway to the Fuller's Field.p

                                          References for 2 Kings 18:17

                                            • m 18:17 - Assyrian military titles
                                            • n 18:17 - 2 Ch 32:9
                                            • o 18:17 - LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads and came and
                                            • p 18:17 - Isa 7:3
                                              18 Then they called for the king, but Eliakim son of Hilkiah, who was in charge of the palace, Shebnah the court secretary, and Joah son of Asaph, the court historian, came out to them.q

                                              References for 2 Kings 18:18

                                                  The Rabshakeh's Speech

                                                  19 Then the Rabshakeh said to them, "Tell Hezekiah this is what the great king, the king of Assyria, says: 'What are you relying on?rs

                                                  References for 2 Kings 18:19

                                                    • r 18:19 - Lit What is this trust which you trust
                                                    • s 18:19 - 2 Kg 18:5; 2 Ch 32:10
                                                      20 You think mere words are strategy and strength for war. What are you now relying on so that you have rebelled against me?
                                                      21 Look, you now trust in Egypt, the stalk of this splintered reed, which if a man leans on it will go into his palm and pierce it.t This is how Pharaoh king of Egypt is to all who trust in him.

                                                      References for 2 Kings 18:21

                                                          22 Suppose you say to me: We trust in the Lord our God. Isn't He the One whose high places and altars Hezekiah has removed,u saying to Judah and to Jerusalem: You must worship at this altar in Jerusalem?'

                                                          References for 2 Kings 18:22

                                                            • u 18:22 - 2 Kg 18:4; 2 Ch 32:11-12
                                                              23 "So now make a bargain with my master the king of Assyria. I'll give you 2,000 horses if you're able to supply riders for them!
                                                              24 How then can you drive back a single officer among the least of my master's servants and trust in Egypt for chariots and for horsemen?
                                                              25 Have I attacked this place to destroy it without the Lord's [approval]? The Lord said to me, 'Attack this land and destroy it.' "
                                                              26 Then Eliakim son of Hilkiah, Shebnah, and Joah said to the Rabshakeh, "Please speak to your servants in Aramaic, since we understand [it] . Don't speak with us in Hebrewv within earshot of the people on the wall."

                                                              References for 2 Kings 18:26

                                                                  27 But the Rabshakeh said to them, "Has my master sent me only to your master and to you to speak these words? Hasn't [he] also [sent me] to the men who sit on the wall, [destined] with you to eat their own excrement and drink their own urine?"w

                                                                  References for 2 Kings 18:27

                                                                      28 The Rabshakeh stood and called out loudly in Hebrew.x Then he spoke: "Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria.

                                                                      References for 2 Kings 18:28

                                                                          29 This is what the king says: 'Don't let Hezekiah deceive you; he can't deliver you from my hand.
                                                                          30 Don't let Hezekiah persuade you to trust in the Lord by saying: Certainly the Lord will deliver us! This city will not be handed over to the king of Assyria.'y

                                                                          References for 2 Kings 18:30

                                                                            • y 18:30 - 2 Ch 32:15-18
                                                                              31 "Don't listen to Hezekiah, for this is what the king of Assyria says: 'Make peacez with me and surrender to me. Then every one of you may eat from his own vine and his own fig tree, and every one may drink water from his own cistern

                                                                              References for 2 Kings 18:31

                                                                                • z 18:31 - Lit a blessing
                                                                                  32 until I come and take you away to a land like your own land-a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of olive trees and honey-so that you may live and not die. But don't listen to Hezekiah when he misleads you, saying: The Lord will deliver us.
                                                                                  33 Has any of the gods of the nations ever delivered his land from the power of the king of Assyria?
                                                                                  34 Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivvah?{ Have they delivered Samaria from my hand?

                                                                                  References for 2 Kings 18:34

                                                                                    • { 18:34 - Some LXX, Vg mss read Sepharvaim? Where are the gods of the land of Samaria?
                                                                                      35 Who among all the gods of the lands has delivered his land from my power? So how is the Lord to deliver Jerusalem?' "|

                                                                                      References for 2 Kings 18:35

                                                                                          36 But the people kept silent; they answered him not a word, for the king's command was, "Don't answer him."
                                                                                          37 Then Eliakim son of Hilkiah, who was in charge of the palace, Shebna the court secretary, and Joah son of Asaph, the court historian, came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn and reported to him the words of the Rabshakeh.}

                                                                                          References for 2 Kings 18:37