David's Adultery with Bathsheba

1 In the spring when kings march out [to war], David sent Joab with his officers and all Israel. They destroyed the Ammonites and besieged Rabbah, but David remained in Jerusalem.a

References for 2 Samuel 11:1

    • a 11:1 - 2 Sm 12:26-29; 1 Ch 20:1
      2 One evening David got up from his bed and strolled around on the roof of the palace. From the roof he saw a woman bathing-a very beautiful woman.
      3 So David sent someone to inquire about her, and he reported, "This is Bathsheba, daughter of Eliam and wife of Uriah the Hittite."b

      References for 2 Samuel 11:3

        • b 11:3 - DSS add Joab's armor-bearer
          4 David sent messengers to get her, and when she came to him, he slept with her. Now she had just been purifying herself from her uncleanness.c Afterwards, she returned home.

          References for 2 Samuel 11:4

            • c 11:4 - Lv 15:18-30
              5 The woman conceived and sent word to inform David: "I am pregnant."
              6 David sent orders to Joab: "Send me Uriah the Hittite." So Joab sent Uriah to David.
              7 When Uriah came to him, David asked how Joab and the troops were doing and how the war was going.
              8 Then he said to Uriah, "Go down to your house and wash your feet." So Uriah left the palace, and a gift from the king followed him.
              9 But Uriah slept at the door of the palace with all his master's servants; he did not go down to his house.
              10 When it was reported to David, "Uriah didn't go home," David questioned Uriah, "Haven't you just come from a journey? Why didn't you go home?"
              11 Uriah answered David, "The ark, Israel, and Judah are dwelling in tents, and my master Joab and his soldiersd are camping in the open field. How can I enter my house to eat and drink and sleep with my wife? As surely as you live and by your life, I will not do this!"e

              References for 2 Samuel 11:11

                  12 "Stay here today also," David said to Uriah, "and tomorrow I will send you back." So Uriah stayed in Jerusalem that day and the next.
                  13 Then David invited Uriah to eat and drink with him, and David got him drunk. He went out in the evening to lie down on his cot with his master's servants, but he did not go home.

                  Uriah's Death Arranged

                  14 The next morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it with Uriah.

                  References for 2 Samuel 11:14

                      15 In the letter he wrote: Put Uriah at the front of the fiercest fighting, then withdraw from him so that he is struck down and dies.
                      16 When Joab was besieging the city, he put Uriah in the place where he knew the best [enemy] soldiers were.
                      17 Then the men of the city came out and attacked Joab, and some of the men from David's soldiers fell [in battle]; Uriah the Hittite also died.
                      18 Joab sent someone to report to David all the details of the battle.
                      19 He commanded the messenger, "When you've finished telling the king all the details of the battle-
                      20 if the king's anger gets stirred up and he asks you, 'Why did you get so close to the city to fight? Didn't you realize they would shoot from the top of the wall?
                      21 At Thebez, who struck Abimelech son of Jerubbesheth?fgDidn't a woman drop an upper millstone on him from the top of the wall so that he died?h Why did you get so close to the wall?'-then say, 'Your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.' "

                      References for 2 Samuel 11:21

                          22 Then the messenger left. When he arrived, he reported to David all that Joab had sent him [to tell].
                          23 The messenger reported to David, "The men gained the advantage over us and came out against us in the field, but we counterattacked right up to the entrance of the gate.
                          24 However, the archers shot down on your soldiers from the top of the wall, and some of the king's soldiers died. Your servant Uriah the Hittite is also dead."
                          25 David told the messenger, "Say this to Joab: 'Don't let this matter upset you because the sword devours all alike. Intensify your fight against the city and demolish it.' Encourage him."
                          26 When Uriah's wife heard that her husband Uriah had died, she mourned for him.i

                          References for 2 Samuel 11:26

                            • i 11:26 - Lit her husband
                              27 When the time of mourning ended, David had her brought to his house. She became his wife and bore him a son. However, the Lord considered what David had done to be evil.