David's Song of Thanksgiving

1 David spoke the words of this song to the Lord on the day the Lord rescued him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul.

References for 2 Samuel 22:1

      2 He said:a The Lord is my rock, my fortress,b and my deliverer,

      References for 2 Samuel 22:2

        • a 22:2 - Ps 18:2-50
        • b 22:2 - Ps 31:3; 71:3
          3 my God, my mountainc where I seek refuge. My shield, the horn of my salvation, my stronghold, my refuge, and my Savior, You save me from violence.

          References for 2 Samuel 22:3

            • c 22:3 - LXX; MT reads God of my mountain; Ps 18:2
              4 I called to the Lord, who is worthy of praise, and I was saved from my enemies.
              5 For the waves of death engulfed me;d the torrents of destruction terrified me.

              References for 2 Samuel 22:5

                  6 The ropes of Sheol entangled me; the snares of death confronted me.e

                  References for 2 Samuel 22:6

                      7 I called to the Lord in my distress; I called to my God.f From His temple He heard my voice, and my cry for help [reached] His ears.

                      References for 2 Samuel 22:7

                          8 Then the earth shook and quaked; the foundations of the heavensg trembled; they shook because He burned with anger.h

                          References for 2 Samuel 22:8

                            • g 22:8 - Some Hb mss, Syr, Vg read mountains; Ps 18:7
                            • h 22:8 - Jb 26:11
                              9 Smoke rose from His nostrils, and consuming fire [came] from His mouth; coals were set ablaze by it.i

                              References for 2 Samuel 22:9

                                • i 22:9 - Or ablaze from Him
                                  10 He parted the heavens and came down, a dark cloud beneath His feet.
                                  11 He rode on a cherub and flew, soaring on the wings of the wind.
                                  12 He made darkness a canopy around Him, a gatheringj of water and thick clouds.k

                                  References for 2 Samuel 22:12

                                    • j 22:12 - Or sieve, or mass; Hb obscure
                                    • k 22:12 - Ps 97:2
                                      13 From the radiance of His presence, flaming coals were ignited.
                                      14 The Lord thundered from heaven; the Most High projected His voice.
                                      15 He shot arrows and scattered them; [He hurled] lightning bolts and routed them.l

                                      References for 2 Samuel 22:15

                                          16 The depths of the sea became visible, the foundations of the world were exposed at the rebuke of the Lord, at the blast of the breath of His nostrils.
                                          17 He reached down from on high and took hold of me; He pulled me out of deep waters.m

                                          References for 2 Samuel 22:17

                                              18 He rescued me from my powerful enemy and from those who hated me, for they were too strong for me.
                                              19 They confronted me in the day of my distress, but the Lord was my support.
                                              20 He brought me out to a wide-open place;n He rescued me because He delighted in me.

                                              References for 2 Samuel 22:20

                                                • n 22:20 - Ps 31:8; 118:5
                                                  21 The Lord rewarded me according to my righteousness; He repaid me according to the cleanness of my hands.o

                                                  References for 2 Samuel 22:21

                                                      22 For I have kept the ways of the Lord and have not turned from my God to wickedness.
                                                      23 Indeed, I have kept all His ordinances in mindp and have not disregarded His statutes.

                                                      References for 2 Samuel 22:23

                                                        • p 22:23 - Lit Indeed, all His ordinances have been in front of me
                                                          24 I was blameless before Him and kept myself from sinning.
                                                          25 So the Lord repaid me according to my righteousness, according to my cleannessq in His sight.

                                                          References for 2 Samuel 22:25

                                                            • q 22:25 - LXX, Syr, Vg read to the cleanness of my hands; Ps 18:24
                                                              26 With the faithful You prove Yourself faithful; with the blameless man You prove Yourself blameless;
                                                              27 with the pure You prove Yourself pure, but with the crooked You prove Yourself shrewd.
                                                              28 You rescue an afflicted people, but Your eyes are set against the proud- You humble them.
                                                              29 Lord, You are my lamp; the Lord illuminates my darkness.
                                                              30 With You I can attack a barrier,r and with my God I can leap over a wall.s

                                                              References for 2 Samuel 22:30

                                                                  31 God-His way is perfect; the word of the Lord is pure.t He is a shield to all who take refuge in Him.

                                                                  References for 2 Samuel 22:31

                                                                      32 For who is God besides the Lord? And who is a rock? Only our God.
                                                                      33 God is my strong refuge;u He makes my way perfect.v

                                                                      References for 2 Samuel 22:33

                                                                        • u 22:33 - DSS, some LXX mss, Syr, Vg read God clothes me with strength; Ps 18:32
                                                                        • v 22:33 - Some LXX mss, Syr; MT reads He sets free the blameless His way; Hb obscure
                                                                          34 He makes my feet like [the feet of] a deer and sets me securely on thew heights.x

                                                                          References for 2 Samuel 22:34

                                                                            • w 22:34 - LXX; some Hb mss read my; other Hb mss read His
                                                                            • x 22:34 - Or on my high places
                                                                              35 He trains my hands for war; my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
                                                                              36 You have given me the shield of Your salvation;y Your helpz exalts me.

                                                                              References for 2 Samuel 22:36

                                                                                • y 22:36 - Eph 6:16-17
                                                                                • z 22:36 - LXX reads humility; Ps 18:35
                                                                                  37 You widen [a place] beneath me for my steps, and my ankles do not give way.
                                                                                  38 I pursue my enemies and destroy them; I do not turn back until they are wiped out.
                                                                                  39 I wipe them out and crush them, and they do not rise; they fall beneath my feet.
                                                                                  40 You have clothed me with strength for battle; You subdue my adversaries beneath me.{

                                                                                  References for 2 Samuel 22:40

                                                                                      41 You have made my enemies retreat before me;| I annihilate those who hated me.

                                                                                      References for 2 Samuel 22:41

                                                                                        • | 22:41 - Lit You gave me the neck of my enemies
                                                                                          42 They look, but there is no one to save [them]- [they look] to the Lord, but He does not answer them.
                                                                                          43 I pulverize them like dust of the earth; I crush them and trample them like mud in the streets.
                                                                                          44 You have freed me from the feuds among my people;} You have appointed me the head of nations; a people I had not known serve me.~

                                                                                          References for 2 Samuel 22:44

                                                                                            • } 22:44 - 2 Sm 2:8-10; 15:1-6; 16:5-8; 20:1-2
                                                                                            • ~ 22:44 - 2 Sm 8:1-14; Isa 55:5
                                                                                              45 Foreigners submit to me grudgingly; as soon as they hear, they obey me.
                                                                                              46 Foreigners lose heart and come trembling from their fortifications.
                                                                                              47 The Lord lives-may my rock be praised! God, the rock of my salvation, is exalted.
                                                                                              48 God-He gives me vengeance and casts down peoples under me.
                                                                                              49 He frees me from my enemies. You exalt me above my adversaries; You rescue me from violent men.
                                                                                              50 Therefore I will praise You, Lord, among the nations; I will sing about Your name.
                                                                                              51 He is a tower of salvation for His king; He shows loyalty to His anointed, to David and his descendants forever.€

                                                                                              References for 2 Samuel 22:51

                                                                                                •  22:51 - DSS read He gives great victory to
                                                                                                • € 22:51 - 2 Sm 7:12-16