Amos 1 CSB

1 The words of Amos, who was one of the sheep breedersa from Tekoa-what he saw regarding Israel in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah, and Jeroboam son of Joash, king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.b

References for Amos 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Or the shepherds
    • b 1:1 - Zch 14:5
      2 He said: The Lord roars from Zion and raises His voice from Jerusalem; the pastures of the shepherds mourn,cd and the summit of Carmel withers.

      References for Amos 1:2

        • c 1:2 - Or dry up
        • d 1:2 - Isa 24:4-7; Jr 23:10; Jl 1:10

          Judgment on Israel's Neighbors

          3 The Lord says: I will not relent from punishing Damascuse for three crimes, even four, because they threshed Gilead with iron sledges.

          References for Amos 1:3

            • e 1:3 - Isa 17:1-3
              4 Therefore, I will send fire against Hazael's palace, and it will consume Ben-hadad'sf citadels.

              References for Amos 1:4

                • f 1:4 - 2 Kg 8:11-15; 13:3,22,24
                  5 I will break down the gatesg of Damascus. I will cut off the ruler from the Valley of Aven, and the one who wields the scepter from Beth-eden. The people of Aram will be exiled to Kir. The Lord has spoken.

                  References for Amos 1:5

                    • g 1:5 - Lit gate bars
                      6 The Lord says: I will not relent from punishing Gazah for three crimes, even four, because they exiled a whole community, handing them over to Edom.

                      References for Amos 1:6

                        • h 1:6 - Jr 47:1,4-5; Ezk 25:15-17
                          7 Therefore, I will send fire against the walls of Gaza, and it will consume its citadels.
                          8 I will cut off the ruler from Ashdod, and the one who wields the scepter from Ashkelon. I will also turn My hand against Ekron, and the remainder of the Philistines will perish. The Lord God has spoken.
                          9 The Lord says: I will not relent from punishing Tyrei for three crimes, even four, because they handed over a whole community of exiles to Edom and brokej a treaty of brotherhood.

                          References for Amos 1:9

                            • i 1:9 - Isaiah 23; Ezk 26:1-28:19
                            • j 1:9 - Lit and did not remember
                              10 Therefore, I will send fire against the walls of Tyre, and it will consume its citadels.
                              11 The Lord says: I will not relent from punishing Edomk for three crimes, even four, because he pursued his brother with the sword.l He stifled his compassion, his anger tore [at them]m continually, and he harbored his rage incessantly.

                              References for Amos 1:11

                                • k 1:11 - Jr 49:8-22; Ezk 25:12-14
                                • l 1:11 - Ob 10-14
                                • m 1:11 - Gn 37:33; Ps 7:2; Hs 5:14
                                  12 Therefore, I will send fire against Teman, and it will consume the citadels of Bozrah.
                                  13 The Lord says: I will not relent from punishing the Ammonitesn for three crimes, even four, because they ripped open the pregnant women of Gileado in order to enlarge their territory.

                                  References for Amos 1:13

                                    • n 1:13 - Jr 49:1-6; Ezk 25:1-7; Zph 2:8-11
                                    • o 1:13 - 2 Kg 8:12; 15:16; Hs 13:16
                                      14 Therefore, I will set fire to the walls of Rabbah, and it will consume its citadels. There will be shouting on the day of battle and a violent wind on the day of the storm.
                                      15 Their king and his princes will go into exile together. The Lord has spoken.