1 The words of Amos, who was one of the sheep breedersa from Tekoa-what he saw regarding Israel in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah, and Jeroboam son of Joash, king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.b
2 He said: The Lord roars from Zion and raises His voice from Jerusalem; the pastures of the shepherds mourn,cd and the summit of Carmel withers.

Judgment on Israel's Neighbors

3 The Lord says: I will not relent from punishing Damascuse for three crimes, even four, because they threshed Gilead with iron sledges.
4 Therefore, I will send fire against Hazael's palace, and it will consume Ben-hadad'sf citadels.
5 I will break down the gatesg of Damascus. I will cut off the ruler from the Valley of Aven, and the one who wields the scepter from Beth-eden. The people of Aram will be exiled to Kir. The Lord has spoken.
6 The Lord says: I will not relent from punishing Gazah for three crimes, even four, because they exiled a whole community, handing them over to Edom.
7 Therefore, I will send fire against the walls of Gaza, and it will consume its citadels.
8 I will cut off the ruler from Ashdod, and the one who wields the scepter from Ashkelon. I will also turn My hand against Ekron, and the remainder of the Philistines will perish. The Lord God has spoken.
9 The Lord says: I will not relent from punishing Tyrei for three crimes, even four, because they handed over a whole community of exiles to Edom and brokej a treaty of brotherhood.
10 Therefore, I will send fire against the walls of Tyre, and it will consume its citadels.
11 The Lord says: I will not relent from punishing Edomk for three crimes, even four, because he pursued his brother with the sword.l He stifled his compassion, his anger tore [at them]m continually, and he harbored his rage incessantly.
12 Therefore, I will send fire against Teman, and it will consume the citadels of Bozrah.
13 The Lord says: I will not relent from punishing the Ammonitesn for three crimes, even four, because they ripped open the pregnant women of Gileado in order to enlarge their territory.
14 Therefore, I will set fire to the walls of Rabbah, and it will consume its citadels. There will be shouting on the day of battle and a violent wind on the day of the storm.
15 Their king and his princes will go into exile together. The Lord has spoken.