1 In the first year of Darius the Mede, I stood up to strengthen and protect him.
2 Now I will tell you the truth. "Three more kings will arise in Persia, and the fourth will be far richer than the others. By the power he gains through his riches, he will stir up everyone against the kingdom of Greece.

Prophecies about Persia and Greece

3 Then a warrior king will arise; he will rule a vast realm and do whatever he wants.
References for Daniel 11:3
      4 But as soon as he is established, his kingdom will be broken up and divided to the four winds of heaven,a but not to his descendants; it will not be the same kingdom that he ruled, because his kingdom will be uprooted and will go to others besides them.
      References for Daniel 11:4
        • a 11:4 - Dn 7:2; 8:8; Zch 2:6; 6:5

          Kings of the South and the North

          5 "The king of the South will grow powerful, but one of his commanders will grow more powerful and will rule a kingdom greater than his.
          References for Daniel 11:5
              6 After some years they will form an alliance, and the daughter of the king of the South will go to the king of the North to seal the agreement. She will not retain power, and his strength will not endure. She will be given up, together with her entourage, her father,b and the one who supported her during those times.
              References for Daniel 11:6
                • b 11:6 - One Hb ms, Theod read child; Vg, Syr read children
                  7 In the place of the king of the South, one from her familyc will rise up, come against the army, and enter the fortress of the king of the North. He will take action against them and triumph.
                  References for Daniel 11:7
                    • c 11:7 - Lit from the shoot of her roots
                      8 He will take even their gods captive to Egypt, with their metal images and their precious articles of silver and gold. For some years he will stay away from the king of the North,
                      9 who will enter the kingdom of the king of the South and then return to his own land.
                      10 "His sons will mobilize for war and assemble a large number of armed forces. They will advance, sweeping through like a flood,deand will again wage war as far as his fortress.
                      References for Daniel 11:10
                        • d 11:10 - Lit advance and overflow and pass through
                        • e 11:10 - Dn 11:40
                          11 Infuriated, the king of the South will march out to fight with the king of the North, who will raise a great multitude, but the multitude will be handed over to his enemy.
                          12 When the multitude is carried off, he will become arrogant and cause tens of thousands to fall, but he will not triumph.
                          13 The king of the North will again raise a multitude larger than the first. After some yearsf he will advance with a great army and many supplies.
                          References for Daniel 11:13
                            • f 11:13 - Lit At the end of the times
                              14 "In those times many will rise up against the king of the South. Violent ones among your own people will assert themselves to fulfill a vision, but they will fail.
                              15 Then the king of the North will come, build up an assault ramp, and capture a well-fortified city. The forces of the South will not stand; even their select troops will not be able to resist.
                              16 The king of the North who comes against him will do whatever he wants, and no one can oppose him. He will establish himself in the beautiful landghwith total destruction in his hand.
                              References for Daniel 11:16
                                  17 He will resolve to come with the force of his whole kingdom and will reach an agreement with him.i He will give him a daughter in marriagej to destroy it,k but she will not stand with him or support him.
                                  References for Daniel 11:17
                                    • i 11:17 - the king of the South
                                    • j 11:17 - Lit him the daughter of women
                                    • k 11:17 - Perhaps the kingdom
                                      18 Then he will turn his attention to the coasts and islandsl and capture many. But a commander will put an end to his taunting; instead, he will turn his taunts against him.
                                      References for Daniel 11:18
                                        • l 11:18 - of the Mediterranean
                                          19 He will turn his attention back to the fortresses of his own land, but he will stumble, fall, and be no more.
                                          20 "In his place one will arise who will send out a tax collectorm for the glory of the kingdom; but within a few days he will be shattered, though not in angern or in battle.
                                          References for Daniel 11:20
                                              21 "In his place a despisedo person will arise; royal honors will not be given to him, but he will come during a time of peacepqand seize the kingdom by intrigue.
                                              References for Daniel 11:21
                                                • o 11:21 - Isa 53:3
                                                • p 11:21 - Or come without warning
                                                • q 11:21 - Dn 8:25; 11:24
                                                  22 A flood of forces will be swept away before him; they will be shattered, as well as the covenant prince.
                                                  23 After an alliance is made with him, he will act deceitfully. He will rise to power with a small nation.r
                                                  References for Daniel 11:23
                                                    • r 11:23 - Or a few people
                                                      24 During a time of peace,s he will come into the richest parts of the province and do what his fathers and predecessors never did. He will lavish plunder, loot, and wealth on his followers, and he will make plans against fortified cities, but only for a time.
                                                      References for Daniel 11:24
                                                        • s 11:24 - Or Without warning
                                                          25 "With a large army he will stir up his power and his courage against the king of the South. The king of the South will prepare for battle with an extremely large and powerful army, but he will not succeed, because plots will be made against him.
                                                          26 Those who eat his provisionst will destroy him; his army will be swept away, and many will fall slain.
                                                          References for Daniel 11:26
                                                            • t 11:26 - Dn 1:5,8,13,15
                                                              27 The two kings, whose hearts are bent on evil, will speak lies at the same table but to no avail, for still the end will come at the appointed time.
                                                              28 The king of the North will return to his land with great wealth, but his heart will be set against the holy covenant;u he will take action, then return to his own land.
                                                              References for Daniel 11:28
                                                                • u 11:28 - Or the Jewish people and religion
                                                                  29 "At the appointed time he will come again to the South, but this timev will not be like the first.
                                                                  References for Daniel 11:29
                                                                    • v 11:29 - Lit but the last
                                                                      30 Ships of Kittimwxwill come against him, and being intimidated, he will withdraw. Then he will rage against the holy covenant and take action. On his return, he will favor those who abandon the holy covenant.
                                                                      References for Daniel 11:30
                                                                        • w 11:30 - the Romans
                                                                        • x 11:30 - Gn 10:4; Nm 24:24; 1 Ch 1:7
                                                                          31 His forces will rise up and desecrate the temple fortress. They will abolish the daily sacrificey and set up the abomination of desolation.z
                                                                          References for Daniel 11:31
                                                                            • y 11:31 - Dn 8:11-13; 12:11
                                                                            • z 11:31 - Dn 9:27; 12:11; Mt 24:15
                                                                              32 With flattery he will corrupt those who act wickedly toward the covenant, but the people who know their God will be strong and take action.
                                                                              33 Those who are wise among the people will give understanding to many, yet they will die by sword and flame, and be captured and plundered for a time.
                                                                              34 When defeated, they will be helped by some, but many others will join them insincerely.
                                                                              35 Some of the wise will fall so that they may be refined, purified, and cleansed{ until the time of the end, for it will still come at the appointed time.
                                                                              References for Daniel 11:35
                                                                                  36 "Then the king will do whatever he wants. He will exalt and magnify himself above every god, and he will say outrageous things against the God of gods. He will be successful until the time of wrath is completed, because what has been decreed will be accomplished.
                                                                                  37 He will not show regard for the gods| of his fathers, the god longed for by women, or for any other god, because he will magnify himself above all.
                                                                                  References for Daniel 11:37
                                                                                      38 Instead, he will honor a god of fortresses-a god his fathers did not know-with gold, silver, precious stones, and riches.
                                                                                      39 He will deal with the strongest fortresses with [the help of] a foreign god. He will greatly honor those who acknowledge him,} making them rulers over many and distributing land as a reward.
                                                                                      References for Daniel 11:39
                                                                                        • } 11:39 - Or those he acknowledges
                                                                                          40 "At the time of the end, the king of the South will engage him in battle, but the king of the North will storm against him with chariots, horsemen, and many ships. He will invade countries and sweep through them like a flood.~
                                                                                          References for Daniel 11:40
                                                                                              41 He will also invade the beautiful land, and many will fall. But these will escape from his power: Edom, Moab, and the prominent people€ of the Ammonites.
                                                                                              References for Daniel 11:41
                                                                                                •  11:41 - Dn 8:9; 11:16
                                                                                                • € 11:41 - Lit the first
                                                                                                  42 He will extend his power against the countries, and not even the land of Egypt will escape.
                                                                                                  43 He will get control over the hidden treasures of gold and silver and over all the riches of Egypt. The Libyans and Cushites will also be in submission.
                                                                                                  References for Daniel 11:43
                                                                                                    •  11:43 - Lit Cushites at his steps
                                                                                                      44 But reports from the east and the north will terrify him, and he will go out with great fury to destroy and annihilate many.
                                                                                                      45 He will pitch his royal tents between the sea and‚ the beautiful holy mountain, but he will meet his end with no one to help him.
                                                                                                      References for Daniel 11:45
                                                                                                        • ‚ 11:45 - Or the seas at