Song of Moses

1 Pay attention, heavens, and I will speak; listen, earth, to the words of my mouth.a

References for Deuteronomy 32:1

      2 Let my teaching fall like rain and my word settle like dew, like gentle rain on new grass and showers on tender plants.
      3 For I will proclaim the Lord's name. Declare the greatness of our God!
      4 The Rock-His work is perfect; all His ways are entirely just. A faithful God, without prejudice, He is righteous and true.
      5 His people have acted corruptly toward Him; this is their defectb-they are not His children but a devious and crooked generation.

      References for Deuteronomy 32:5

        • b 32:5 - Or Him; through their fault; Hb obscure
          6 Is this how you repay the Lord, you foolish and senseless people? Isn't He your Father and Creator? Didn't He make you and sustain you?
          7 Remember the days of old; consider the years long past. Ask your father, and he will tell you, your elders, and they will teach you.
          8 When the Most High gave the nations their inheritancec and divided the human race,d He set the boundaries of the peoples according to the number of the people of Israel.e

          References for Deuteronomy 32:8

            • c 32:8 - Or Most High divided the nations
            • d 32:8 - Gn 11:1-9
            • e 32:8 - One DSS reads number of the sons of God; LXX reads number of the angels of God
              9 But the Lord's portion is His people, Jacob, His own inheritance.
              10 He found him in a desolate land, in a barren, howling wilderness; He surrounded him, cared for him, and guarded him as the pupil of His eye.f

              References for Deuteronomy 32:10

                  11 He watches over His nest like an eagle and hovers over His young; He spreads His wings, catches him, and lifts him up on His pinions.g

                  References for Deuteronomy 32:11

                    • g 32:11 - Ex 19:4; Ps 91:4
                      12 The Lord alone led him, with no help from a foreign god.h

                      References for Deuteronomy 32:12

                        • h 32:12 - Lit him, and no foreign god with Him
                          13 He made him ride on the heights of the landi and eat the produce of the field. He nourished him with honey from the rock and oil from flintlike rock,

                          References for Deuteronomy 32:13

                              14 cream from the herd and milk from the flock, with the fat of lambs, rams from Bashan, and goats, with the choicest grains of wheat; you drank wine from the finest grapes.j

                              References for Deuteronomy 32:14

                                • j 32:14 - Lit the blood of grapes
                                  15 Thenk Jeshurunl m became fat and rebelled- you became fat, bloated, and gorged. He abandoned the God who made him and scorned the Rock of his salvation.

                                  References for Deuteronomy 32:15

                                    • k 32:15 - DSS, Sam, LXX add Jacob ate his fill;
                                    • l 32:15 - Upright One, referring to Israel
                                    • m 32:15 - Isa 44:2
                                      16 They provoked His jealousy with foreign gods; they enraged Him with detestable practices.n

                                      References for Deuteronomy 32:16

                                          17 They sacrificed to demons, not God, to gods they had not known, new gods that had just arrived, which your fathers did not fear.o

                                          References for Deuteronomy 32:17

                                            • o 32:17 - 1 Co 10:19-20
                                              18 You ignored the Rock who gave you birth; you forgot the God who brought you forth.
                                              19 When the Lord saw [this], He despised [them], provoked [to anger] by His sons and daughters.
                                              20 He said: "I will hide My face from them; I will see what will become of them, for they are a perverse generation- unfaithful children.
                                              21 They have provoked My jealousy with [their] so-called gods;p they have enraged Me with their worthless idols. So I will provoke their jealousy with an inferior people;q I will enrage them with a foolish nation.r

                                              References for Deuteronomy 32:21

                                                • p 32:21 - Lit with no gods
                                                • q 32:21 - Lit with no people
                                                • r 32:21 - Rm 10:19; 11:14
                                                  22 For fire has been kindled because of My anger and burns to the depths of Sheol; it devours the land and its produce, and scorches the foundations of the mountains.
                                                  23 I will pile disasters on them; I will use up My arrows against them.
                                                  24 They will be weak from hunger, ravaged by pestilence and bitter plague; I will unleash on them wild beasts with fangs, as well as venomous snakes that slither in the dust.
                                                  25 Outside, the sword will take their children, and inside, there will be terror; the young man and the virgin [will be killed], the infant and the gray-haired man.s

                                                  References for Deuteronomy 32:25

                                                    • s 32:25 - Isa 5:8-30; Jr 9:17-21
                                                      26 I would have said: I will cut them to piecest and blot out the memory of them from mankind,

                                                      References for Deuteronomy 32:26

                                                        • t 32:26 - LXX reads will scatter them
                                                          27 if I had not feared insult from the enemy, [or feared] that these foes might misunderstand and say: Our own hand has prevailed; it wasn't the Lord who did all this."
                                                          28 Israel is a nation lacking sense with no understanding at all.u

                                                          References for Deuteronomy 32:28

                                                            • u 32:28 - Lit understanding in them
                                                              29 If only they were wise, they would figure it out; they would understand their fate.
                                                              30 How could one man pursue a thousand, or two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them, unless the Lord had given them up?
                                                              31 But their "rock" is not like our Rock; even our enemies concede.
                                                              32 For their vine is from the vine of Sodom and from the fields of Gomorrah. Their grapes are poisonous; their clusters are bitter.
                                                              33 Their wine is serpents' venom, the deadly poison of cobras.
                                                              34 "Is it not stored up with Me, sealed up in My vaults?
                                                              35 Vengeancev belongs to Me; I will repay.w x In time their foot will slip, for their day of disaster is near, and their doom is coming quickly."

                                                              References for Deuteronomy 32:35

                                                                • v 32:35 - Sam, LXX read On a day of vengeance
                                                                • w 32:35 - LXX, Tg, Vg read Me; and recompense I will recompense
                                                                • x 32:35 - Rm 12:19; Heb 10:30
                                                                  36 The Lord will indeed vindicate His people and have compassion on His servants when He sees that [their] strength is gone and no one is left-slave or free.
                                                                  37 He will say: "Where are their gods, the 'rock' they found refuge in?
                                                                  38 Who ate the fat of their sacrifices and drank the wine of their drink offerings? Let them rise up and help you; let ity be a shelter for you.

                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 32:38

                                                                    • y 32:38 - Sam, LXX, Tg, Vg read them
                                                                      39 See now that I alone am He; there is no God but Me.z I bring death and I give life; I wound and I heal. No one can rescue [anyone] from My hand.{

                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 32:39

                                                                        • z 32:39 - Isa 40:25; 43:11-13; 46:9; Ezk 36:23
                                                                        • { 32:39 - 1 Sm 2:6-8
                                                                          40 I raise My hand to heaven and declare: As surely as I live forever,
                                                                          41 when I sharpen My flashing sword, and My hand takes hold of judgment, I will take vengeance on My adversaries and repay those who hate Me.
                                                                          42 I will make My arrows drunk with blood while My sword devours flesh- the blood of the slain and the captives, the heads of the enemy leaders."|

                                                                          References for Deuteronomy 32:42

                                                                            • | 32:42 - Lit the long-haired heads of the enemy
                                                                              43 Rejoice, you nations, over His people,} for He will avenge the blood of His servants.~ He will take vengeance on His adversaries; € He will purify His land and His people.

                                                                              References for Deuteronomy 32:43

                                                                                • } 32:43 - LXX reads Rejoice, you heavens, along with Him, and let all the sons of God worship Him; rejoice, you nations, with His people, and let all the angels of God strengthen themselves in Him; DSS reads Rejoice, you heavens, along with Him, and let all the angels worship Him; Heb 1:6
                                                                                • ~ 32:43 - DSS, LXX read sons
                                                                                •  32:43 - DSS, LXX add and He will recompense those who hate Him; v. 41
                                                                                • € 32:43 - Ps 79:10
                                                                                •  32:43 - Syr, Tg; DSS, Sam, LXX, Vg read His people's land
                                                                                  44 Moses came with Joshua‚ son of Nun and recited all the words of this song in the presence of the people.

                                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 32:44

                                                                                    • ‚ 32:44 - LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads Hoshea; Nm 13:8,16
                                                                                      45 After Moses finished reciting all these words to all Israel,
                                                                                      46 he said to them, "Take to heart all these words I am giving as a warning to you today, so that you may command your children to carefully follow all the words of this law.
                                                                                      47 For they are not meaningless words to you but they are your life, and by them you will live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess."

                                                                                      Moses' Impending Death

                                                                                      48 On that same day the Lord spoke to Moses,

                                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 32:48

                                                                                          49 "Go up Mount Nebo in the Abarim [range] in the land of Moab, across from Jericho, and view the land of Canaan I am giving the Israelites as a possession.
                                                                                          50 Then you will die on the mountain that you go up, and you will be gathered to your people, just as your brother Aaron died on Mount Hor and was gathered to his people.ƒ

                                                                                          References for Deuteronomy 32:50

                                                                                              51 For [both of] you broke faith with Me among the Israelites at the waters of Meribath-kadesh in the Wilderness of Zin by failing to treat Me as holy in their presence.
                                                                                              52 Although you will view the land from a distance, which I am giving the Israelites, you will not go there."„

                                                                                              References for Deuteronomy 32:52