Deuteronomy 33 CSB

Moses' Blessings

1 This is the blessing that Moses, the man of God, gave the Israelites before his death.a

References for Deuteronomy 33:1

    • a 33:1 - Gn 49:1-33
      2 He said: The Lord came from Sinai and appeared to them from Seir; He shone [on them] from Mount Paran and came with ten thousand holy ones,b with lightningc from His right handd for them.e

      References for Deuteronomy 33:2

        • b 33:2 - LXX reads Mount Paran with ten thousands from Kadesh
        • c 33:2 - Or fiery law; Hb obscure
        • d 33:2 - Or ones, from His southland to the mountain slopes
        • e 33:2 - Jdg 5:4-5; Ps 68:7-8; Hab 3:3
          3 Indeed He loves the people.f All Yourg holy onesh are in Your hand, and they assemblei at Your feet. Each receives Your words.

          References for Deuteronomy 33:3

            • f 33:3 - Or peoples
            • g 33:3 - Lit His, or its
            • h 33:3 - Either the saints of Israel or angels
            • i 33:3 - Hb obscure
              4 Moses gave us instruction, a possession for the assembly of Jacob.
              5 So He became King in Jeshurunj when the leaders of the people gathered with the tribes of Israel.

              References for Deuteronomy 33:5

                • j 33:5 - Upright One, referring to Israel
                  6 Let Reuben live and not die though his people become few.k

                  References for Deuteronomy 33:6

                    • k 33:6 - Gn 49:3-4; Jdg 5:15-16
                      7 He said this about Judah: Lord, hear Judah's cry and bring him to his people. He fights for his causel with his own hands, but may You be a help against his foes.

                      References for Deuteronomy 33:7

                        • l 33:7 - Or He contends for them
                          8 He said about Levi: Your Thummim and Urimm belong to Your faithful one;n You tested him at Massah and contended with him at the waters of Meribah.o

                          References for Deuteronomy 33:8

                            • m 33:8 - Two objects used to determine God's will
                            • n 33:8 - DSS, LXX read Give to Levi Your Thummim, Your Urim to Your favored one
                            • o 33:8 - Ex 17:1-7; Nm 20:2-13
                              9 He said about his father and mother, "I do not regard them." He disregarded his brothers and didn't acknowledge his sons, for they kept Your word and maintained Your covenant.p

                              References for Deuteronomy 33:9

                                • p 33:9 - Ex 32:25-29
                                  10 They will teach Your ordinances to Jacob and Your instruction to Israel;q they will set incense before You and whole burnt offerings on Your altar.

                                  References for Deuteronomy 33:10

                                      11 Lord, bless his possessions,r and accept the work of his hands. Smash the loins of his adversaries and enemies, so that they cannot rise again.

                                      References for Deuteronomy 33:11

                                          12 He said about Benjamin: The Lord's beloved restss securely on Him. Het shields him all day long, and he rests on His shoulders.u

                                          References for Deuteronomy 33:12

                                            • s 33:12 - Or Let the Lord's beloved rest
                                            • t 33:12 - LXX reads The Most High
                                            • u 33:12 - Or and He dwells among his mountain slopes
                                              13 He said about Joseph: May his land be blessed by the Lord with the dew of heaven's bounty and the watery depths that lie beneath;v

                                              References for Deuteronomy 33:13

                                                  14 with the bountiful harvest from the sun and the abundant yield of the seasons;
                                                  15 with the best products of the ancient mountains and the bounty of the eternal hills;
                                                  16 with the choice gifts of the land and everything in it; and with the favor of Him who appearedw in the [burning] bush.x May these rest on the head of Joseph, on the crown of the prince of his brothers.y

                                                  References for Deuteronomy 33:16

                                                      17 His firstborn bull hasz splendor, and horns like{ those of a wild ox; he gores all the peoples with them to the ends of the earth. Such are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and such are the thousands of Manasseh.

                                                      References for Deuteronomy 33:17

                                                        • z 33:17 - Some DSS, Sam, LXX, Syr, Vg read A firstborn bull-he has
                                                        • { 33:17 - Lit and his horns are
                                                          18 He said about Zebulun: Rejoice, Zebulun, in your journeys, and Issachar, in your tents.
                                                          19 They summon the peoples to a mountain; there they offer acceptable sacrifices. For they draw from the wealth of the seas and the hidden treasures of the sand.|

                                                          References for Deuteronomy 33:19

                                                            • | 33:19 - Gn 49:13; Jdg 5:15,18
                                                              20 He said about Gad: The one who enlarges Gad's [territory] will be blessed. He lies down like a lion and tears off an arm or even a head.}

                                                              References for Deuteronomy 33:20

                                                                  21 He chose the best [part] for himself, because a ruler's portion was assigned there for him. He came [with] the leaders of the people; he carried out the Lord's justice and His ordinances for Israel.~

                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 33:21

                                                                      22 He said about Dan: Dan is a young lion, leaping out of Bashan.

                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 33:22

                                                                          23 He said about Naphtali: Naphtali, enjoying approval, full of the Lord's blessing, take€ possession to the west and the south.

                                                                          References for Deuteronomy 33:23

                                                                            • € 33:23 - Sam, LXX, Syr, Vg, Tg read he will take
                                                                              24 He said about Asher: May Asher be the most blessed of the sons; may he be the most favored among his brothers and dip his foot in [olive] oil.‚ ƒ

                                                                              References for Deuteronomy 33:24

                                                                                •  33:24 - Happy or Blessed; Gn 30:13
                                                                                • ‚ 33:24 - A symbol for prosperity
                                                                                • ƒ 33:24 - Gn 49:20
                                                                                  25 May the bolts of your gate be iron and bronze, and your strength last as long as you live.
                                                                                  26 There is none like the God of Jeshurun,„ who rides the heavens to your aid on the clouds in His majesty.…

                                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 33:26

                                                                                    • „ 33:26 - Upright One, referring to Israel
                                                                                    • … 33:26 - 2 Sm 22:8-20; Ps 18:7-19
                                                                                      27 The God of old is [your] dwelling place,† and underneath are the everlasting arms. He drives out the enemy before you, and commands, "Destroy!"

                                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 33:27

                                                                                          28 So Israel dwells securely; Jacob lives untroubled‡ ˆ in a land of grain and new wine; even his skies drip with dew.‰

                                                                                          References for Deuteronomy 33:28

                                                                                            • ‡ 33:28 - Text emended; MT reads Jacob's fountain is alone
                                                                                            • ˆ 33:28 - Nm 23:9
                                                                                            • ‰ 33:28 - Dt 8:7-9
                                                                                              29 How happy you are, Israel! Who is like you, a people saved by the Lord? He is the shield that protects you, the sword you boast in. Your enemies will cringe before you,Š and you will tread on their backs.‹ Œ

                                                                                              References for Deuteronomy 33:29

                                                                                                • Š 33:29 - 2 Sm 22:44-46; Ps 18:43-45
                                                                                                • ‹ 33:29 - Or high places
                                                                                                • Œ 33:29 - Dt 32:13; Hab 3:19