The Ten Commandments

1 Then God spoke all these words:

References for Exodus 20:1

      2 I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the place of slavery.a

      References for Exodus 20:2

        • a 20:2 - Dt 5:6-21
          3 Do not have other gods besides Me.
          4 Do not make an idol for yourself, whether in the shape of anything in the heavens above or on the earth below or in the waters under the earth.
          5 You must not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the fathers' sin, to the third and fourth [generations] of those who hate Me,
          6 but showing faithful love to a thousand [generations] of those who love Me and keep My commands.
          7 Do not misuse the name of the Lord your God, because the Lord will punish anyone who misuses His name.
          8 Remember to dedicate the Sabbath day:b

          References for Exodus 20:8

              9 You are to labor six days and do all your work,
              10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. You must not do any work-you, your son or daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the foreigner who is within your gates.
              11 For the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and everything in them in six days; then He rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and declared it holy.
              12 Honor your father and your mother so that you may have a long life in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.c

              References for Exodus 20:12

                • c 20:12 - Mt 15:4; Mk 7:10; Eph 6:2-3
                  13 Do not murder.d

                  References for Exodus 20:13

                      14 Do not commit adultery.e

                      References for Exodus 20:14

                        • e 20:14 - Mt 5:27; Jms 2:11
                          15 Do not steal.
                          16 Do not give false testimony against your neighbor.f

                          References for Exodus 20:16

                              17 Do not covet your neighbor's house. Do not covet your neighbor's wife, his male or female slave, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.g h

                              References for Exodus 20:17

                                • g 20:17 - Rm 7:7
                                • h 20:17 - Mt 19:18-19; Mk 10:19; Lk 18:20; Rm 13:9

                                  The People's Reaction

                                  18 All the people witnessedi the thunder and lightning, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain [surrounded by] smoke. When the people saw [it]j they trembled and stood at a distance.

                                  References for Exodus 20:18

                                    • i 20:18 - Lit saw
                                    • j 20:18 - Sam, LXX, Syr, Tg, Vg read smoking; the people (or they) were afraid
                                      19 "You speak to us, and we will listen," they said to Moses, "but don't let God speak to us, or we will die."
                                      20 Moses responded to the people, "Don't be afraid, for God has come to test you, so that you will fear Him and will notk sin."

                                      References for Exodus 20:20

                                        • k 20:20 - Lit that the fear of Him may be in you, and you do not
                                          21 And the people remained standing at a distance as Moses approached the thick darkness where God was.

                                          Moses Receives Additional Laws

                                          22 Then the Lord told Moses, "This is what you are to say to the Israelites: You have seen that I have spoken to you from heaven.

                                          References for Exodus 20:22

                                              23 You must not make gods of silver to rival Me; you must not make [gods of gold] for yourselves.l

                                              References for Exodus 20:23

                                                  24 "You must make an earthen altar for Me and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, your sheep and goats, as well as your cattle. I will come to you and bless you in every place where I cause My name to be remembered.
                                                  25 If you make a stone altar for Me, you must not build it out of cut stones. If you use your chisel on it, you will defile it.
                                                  26 You must not go up to My altar on steps, so that your nakedness is not exposed on it.