Exodus 39 CSB

Making the Priestly Garments

1 They made specially wovena garments for ministry in the sanctuary, and the holy garments for Aaron from the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

References for Exodus 39:1

    • a 39:1 - Hb obscure

      Making the Ephod

      2 Bezalel made the ephod of gold, of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and of finely spun linen.

      References for Exodus 39:2

          3 They hammered out thin sheets of gold, and heb cut threads [from them] to interweave with the blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and the fine linen in a skillful design.

          References for Exodus 39:3

            • b 39:3 - Sam, Syr, Tg read they
              4 They made shoulder pieces for attaching it; it was joined together at its two edges.
              5 The artistically woven waistband that was on the ephod was of one piece with the ephod, according to the same workmanship of gold, of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and of finely spun linen, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.
              6 Then they mounted the onyx stones surrounded with gold filigree settings, engraved with the names of Israel's sons as a gem cutter engraves a seal.
              7 He fastened them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the Israelites, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.c

              References for Exodus 39:7

                • c 39:7 - Ex 28:6-14

                  Making the Breastpiece

                  8 He also made the embroidered breastpiece with the same workmanship as the ephod of gold, of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn, and of finely spun linen.

                  References for Exodus 39:8

                      9 They made the breastpiece square and folded double, nine inches long and nine inches wide.d

                      References for Exodus 39:9

                        • d 39:9 - Lit a span its length and a span its width
                          10 They mounted four rows of gemstonese on it. The first row was a row of carnelian, topaz, and emerald;f

                          References for Exodus 39:10

                            • e 39:10 - Many of these stones cannot be identified with certainty.
                            • f 39:10 - Or beryl
                              11 the second row, a turquoise,g a sapphire,h and a diamond;i

                              References for Exodus 39:11

                                • g 39:11 - Or malachite, or garnet
                                • h 39:11 - Or lapis lazuli
                                • i 39:11 - Hb uncertain; LXX, Vg read jasper
                                  12 the third row, a jacinth,j an agate, and an amethyst;

                                  References for Exodus 39:12

                                      13 and the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. They were surrounded with gold filigree in their settings.
                                      14 The 12 stones corresponded to the names of Israel's sons. Each stone was engraved like a seal with one of the names of the 12 tribes.
                                      15 They made braided chains of pure gold cord for the breastpiece.
                                      16 They also fashioned two gold filigree settings and two gold rings and attached the two rings to its two corners.
                                      17 Then they attached the two gold cords to the two gold rings on the corners of the breastpiece.
                                      18 They attached the other ends of the two cords to the two filigree settings and, in this way, attached [them] to the ephod's shoulder pieces in front.
                                      19 They made two [other] gold rings and put [them] at the two other corners of the breastpiece on the edge that is next to the inner border of the ephod.
                                      20 They made two [more] gold rings and attached them to the bottom of the ephod's two shoulder pieces on its front, close to its seam,k above the ephod's woven waistband.

                                      References for Exodus 39:20

                                        • k 39:20 - The place where the shoulder pieces join the front of the ephod
                                          21 Then they tied the breastpiece from its rings to the rings of the ephod with a cord of blue yarn, so that the breastpiece was above the ephod's waistband and did not come loose from the ephod. [They did] just as the Lord had commanded Moses.l

                                          References for Exodus 39:21

                                              Making the Robe

                                              22 They made the woven robe of the ephod entirely of blue yarn.

                                              References for Exodus 39:22

                                                  23 There was an opening in the center of the robe like that for body armorm with a collar around the opening so that it would not tear.

                                                  References for Exodus 39:23

                                                      24 They made pomegranates of finely spun blue, purple, and scarlet yarnn on the lower hem of the robe.

                                                      References for Exodus 39:24

                                                        • n 39:24 - Sam, LXX, Vg add and linen
                                                          25 They made bells of pure gold and attached the bells between the pomegranates, all around the hem of the robe between the pomegranates,
                                                          26 a bell and a pomegranate alternating all around the lower hem of the robe.o It is to be used for ministry, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

                                                          References for Exodus 39:26

                                                            • o 39:26 - Lit bell and pomegranate, bell and pomegranate, on the hem of the robe around

                                                              The Other Priestly Garments

                                                              27 They made the tunics of fine woven linen for Aaron and his sons.

                                                              References for Exodus 39:27

                                                                  28 [They also made] the turban and the ornate headbandsp of fine linen, the undergarments,

                                                                  References for Exodus 39:28

                                                                    • p 39:28 - Lit and the headdresses of headbands
                                                                      29 and the sash of finely spun linen of embroidered blue, purple, and scarlet yarn. [They did] just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

                                                                      Making the Holy Diadem

                                                                      30 They also made a plate,q the holy diadem, out of pure gold, and wrote on it an inscription like the engraving on a seal: HOLY TO THE LORD

                                                                      References for Exodus 39:30

                                                                          31 Then they attached a cord of blue yarn to it in order to mount [it] on the turban, just as the Lord had commanded Moses.r

                                                                          References for Exodus 39:31

                                                                              Moses' Inspection of the Tabernacle

                                                                              32 So all the work for the tabernacle, the tent of meeting, was finished. The Israelites did everything just as the Lord had commanded Moses.

                                                                              References for Exodus 39:32

                                                                                  33 Then they brought the tabernacle to Moses: the tent with all its furnishings, its clasps, its planks, its crossbars, and its posts and bases;
                                                                                  34 the covering of ram skins dyed red and the covering of manatee skins;s the veil for the screen;

                                                                                  References for Exodus 39:34

                                                                                    • s 39:34 - Or of dolphin skins, or of fine leather; Hb obscure
                                                                                      35 the ark of the testimony with its poles and the mercy seat;
                                                                                      36 the table, all its utensils, and the bread of the Presence;t

                                                                                      References for Exodus 39:36

                                                                                        • t 39:36 - Traditionally, showbread
                                                                                          37 the pure [gold] lampstand, with its lamps arranged and all its utensils, as well as the oil for the light;
                                                                                          38 the gold altar; the anointing oil; the fragrant incense; the screen for the entrance to the tent;
                                                                                          39 the bronze altar with its bronze grate, its poles, and all its utensils; the basin with its stand;
                                                                                          40 the hangings of the courtyard, its posts and bases, the screen for the gate of the courtyard, its ropes and tent pegs, and all the equipment for the service of the tabernacle, the tent of meeting;
                                                                                          41 and the specially wovenu garments for ministering in the sanctuary, the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments for his sons to serve as priests.v

                                                                                          References for Exodus 39:41

                                                                                              42 The Israelites had done all the work according to everything the Lord had commanded Moses.
                                                                                              43 Moses inspected all the work they had accomplished. They had done just as the Lord commanded. Then Moses blessed them.