Ezekiel 27 CSB

The Sinking of Tyre

1 The word of the Lord came to me:

References for Ezekiel 27:1

      2 "Now, son of man, lament for Tyre.a

      References for Ezekiel 27:2

        • a 27:2 - Ezk 28:12; 32:2
          3 Say to Tyre, who is located at the entrance of the sea, merchant of the peoplesb to many coasts and islands: This is what the Lord God says: Tyre, you declared: I am perfect in beauty.

          References for Ezekiel 27:3

              4 Your realm was in the heart of the sea; your builders perfected your beauty.
              5 They constructed all your planking with pine trees from Senir.cd They took a cedar from Lebanon to make a mast for you.

              References for Ezekiel 27:5

                • c 27:5 - Mount Hermon
                • d 27:5 - Dt 3:9, 1 Ch 5:23; Sg 4:8
                  6 They made your oars of oaks from Bashan. They made your deck of cypress wood from the coasts of Cyprus,e [inlaid] with ivory.

                  References for Ezekiel 27:6

                    • e 27:6 - Gn 10:4; 1 Ch 1:7
                      7 Your sail was [made of] fine embroidered linen from Egypt, and served as your banner. Your awning was of blue and purple fabric from the coasts of Elishah.f

                      References for Ezekiel 27:7

                        • f 27:7 - Gn 10:4; 1 Ch 1:7
                          8 The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvadg were your rowers. Your wise men were within you, Tyre; they were your helmsmen.

                          References for Ezekiel 27:8

                              9 The elders of Gebal and its wise menh were within you, repairing your leaks. All the ships of the sea and their sailors came toi you to barter for your goods.

                              References for Ezekiel 27:9

                                • h 27:9 - 1 Kg 5:18
                                • i 27:9 - Lit sailors were with
                                  10 [Men of] Persia, Lud, and Putj were in your army, [serving] as your warriors. They hung shields and helmets in you; they gave you splendor.

                                  References for Ezekiel 27:10

                                    • j 27:10 - Ezk 30:5; 38:5
                                      11 Men of Arvad and Helech were [stationed] on your walls all around, and Gamadites were in your towers. They hung their shieldsk all around your walls; they perfected your beauty.

                                      References for Ezekiel 27:11

                                        • k 27:11 - Or quivers; Hb obscure
                                          12 "Tarshishl was your trading partner because of [your] great wealth of every kind. They exchanged silver, iron, tin, and lead for your merchandise.

                                          References for Ezekiel 27:12

                                            • l 27:12 - Ezk 38:13; Gn 10:4; 1 Ch 1:7
                                              13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshechm were your merchants. They exchanged slavesn and bronze utensils for your goods.

                                              References for Ezekiel 27:13

                                                • m 27:13 - Ezk 38:2; 39:1; Gn 10:2
                                                • n 27:13 - Lit souls of men
                                                  14 Those from Beth-togarmaho exchanged horses, war horses, and mules for your merchandise.

                                                  References for Ezekiel 27:14

                                                    • o 27:14 - Ezk 38:6; Gn 10:3
                                                      15 Men of Dedanpqwere also your merchants; many coasts and islands were your regular markets. They brought back ivory tusks and ebony as your payment.

                                                      References for Ezekiel 27:15

                                                          16 Aramrswas your trading partner because of your numerous products. They exchanged turquoise,t purple and embroidered cloth, fine linen, coral,u and rubiesv for your merchandise.

                                                          References for Ezekiel 27:16

                                                            • r 27:16 - Some Hb mss, Aq, Syr read Edom
                                                            • s 27:16 - Syria
                                                            • t 27:16 - Hb obscure; Ezk 28:13; Ex 28:18; 39:11
                                                            • u 27:16 - Hb obscure; Jb 28:18
                                                            • v 27:16 - Hb obscure; Isa 54:12
                                                              17 Judah and the land of Israel were your merchants. They exchanged wheat from Minnith,w meal,x honey, oil, and balm for your goods.

                                                              References for Ezekiel 27:17

                                                                • w 27:17 - Jdg 11:33
                                                                • x 27:17 - Or resin; Hb obscure
                                                                  18 Damascus was also your trading partner because of your numerous products and your great wealth of every kind, [trading] in wine from Helbon and white wool.y

                                                                  References for Ezekiel 27:18

                                                                    • y 27:18 - Or and wool from Zahar
                                                                      19 Vedanz and Javan from Uzal{|dealt in your merchandise; wrought iron, cassia,} and aromatic cane were [exchanged] for your goods.

                                                                      References for Ezekiel 27:19

                                                                          20 Dedan~ was your merchant in saddlecloths for riding.

                                                                          References for Ezekiel 27:20

                                                                              21 Arabia and all the princes of Kedar were your business partners, trading with you in lambs, rams, and goats.

                                                                              References for Ezekiel 27:21

                                                                                  22 The merchants of Sheba€ and Raamah traded with you. They exchanged gold, the best of all spices, and all kinds of precious stones for your merchandise.

                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 27:22

                                                                                    • € 27:22 - Ezk 38:13; Gn 10:7
                                                                                    •  27:22 - 1 Kg 10:1-2
                                                                                      23 Haran, Canneh, Eden,‚ the merchants of Sheba, Asshur,ƒ and Chilmad traded with you.

                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 27:23

                                                                                        • ‚ 27:23 - 2 Kg 19:12; Isa 37:12
                                                                                        • ƒ 27:23 - Gn 25:3
                                                                                          24 They were your merchants in choice garments, cloaks of blue and embroidered materials, and multicolored carpets,„ which were bound and secured with cords in your marketplace.

                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 27:24

                                                                                              25 Ships of Tarshish… were the carriers for your goods. So you became full and heavily loaded† in the heart of the sea.

                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 27:25

                                                                                                • … 27:25 - Isa 2:16
                                                                                                • † 27:25 - Or and very glorious
                                                                                                  26 Your rowers have brought you onto the high seas,‡ but the east wind has shattered you in the heart of the sea.

                                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 27:26

                                                                                                      27 Your wealth, merchandise, and goods, your sailors and helmsmen, those who repair your leaks, those who barter for your goods, and all the warriors within you, with all the other people on board,ˆ sink into the heart of the sea on the day of your downfall.

                                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 27:27

                                                                                                        • ˆ 27:27 - Lit with all your assembly among you
                                                                                                          28 The countryside shakes at the sound of your sailors' cries.‰

                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 27:28

                                                                                                            • ‰ 27:28 - Ezk 26:10,15
                                                                                                              29 All those who handle an oar disembark from their ships. The sailors and all the helmsmen of the sea stand on the shore.
                                                                                                              30 They raise their voices over you and cry out bitterly. They throw dust on their heads;Š they roll in ashes.

                                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 27:30

                                                                                                                  31 They shave their heads because of you and wrap themselves in sackcloth. They weep over you with deep anguish and bitter mourning.
                                                                                                                  32 In their wailing they lament for you,‹ mourning over you: Who was like Tyre, silencedŒ in the middle of the sea?

                                                                                                                  References for Ezekiel 27:32

                                                                                                                      33 When your merchandise was unloaded from the seas, you satisfied many peoples. You enriched the kings of the earth with your abundant wealth and goods.
                                                                                                                      34 Now you are shattered by the sea in the depths of the waters; your goods and the people within you have gone down.

                                                                                                                      References for Ezekiel 27:34

                                                                                                                          35 All the inhabitants of the coasts and islands are appalledŽ at you. Their kings shudder with fear; [their] faces are contorted.

                                                                                                                          References for Ezekiel 27:35

                                                                                                                              36 Those who trade among the peoples hiss at you; you have become an object of horror and will never exist again."

                                                                                                                              References for Ezekiel 27:36

                                                                                                                                •  27:36 - 1 Kg 9:8; Jr 19:8; Zph 2:15
                                                                                                                                •  27:36 - Ezk 26:21; 28:19