Ezekiel 29 CSB

A Prophecy of Egypt's Ruin

1 In the tenth year, in the tenth [month] on the twelfth [day] of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:

References for Ezekiel 29:1

      2 "Son of man, turn your face toward Pharaoh king of Egypt and prophesy against him and against all of Egypt.a

      References for Ezekiel 29:2

        • a 29:2 - Ezk 30-32; Isa 19:1-17; Jr 46:2-26
          3 Speak [to him] and say: This is what the Lord God says: Look, I am against you, Pharaoh king of Egypt, the great monsterbclying in the middle of his Nile, who says: My Nile is my own; I made [it] for myself.

          References for Ezekiel 29:3

            • b 29:3 - Or crocodile
            • c 29:3 - Ezk 32:2; Ps 74:13; Isa 27:1
              4 I will put hooks in your jawsd and make the fish of your streams cling to your scales. I will haul you up from the middle of your Nile, and all the fish of your streams will cling to your scales.

              References for Ezekiel 29:4

                • d 29:4 - Ezk 38:4; 2 Kg 19:28
                  5 I will leave you in the desert,e you and all the fish of your streams. You will fall on the open ground and will not be taken away or gathered [for burial].f I have given you to the beasts of the earth and the birds of the sky as food.g

                  References for Ezekiel 29:5

                    • e 29:5 - Ezk 32:4-6
                    • f 29:5 - Jr 8:2; 25:33
                    • g 29:5 - Ezk 39:4
                      6 Then all the inhabitants of Egypt will know that I am the Lord, for theyh have been a staff [made] of reed to the house of Israel.

                      References for Ezekiel 29:6

                        • h 29:6 - LXX, Syr, Vg read you
                          7 When Israel grasped you by the hand, you splintered,i tearing all their shoulders; when they leaned on you, you shattered and made all their hips unsteady.j

                          References for Ezekiel 29:7

                            • i 29:7 - 2 Kg 18:21; Isa 36:6
                            • j 29:7 - LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads and you caused their hips to stand
                              8 "Therefore this is what the Lord God says: I am going to bring a swordk against you and wipe out man and animal from you.

                              References for Ezekiel 29:8

                                • k 29:8 - Ezk 6:3; 11:8; Lv 26:25
                                  9 The land of Egypt will be a desolate ruin.l Then they will know that I am the Lord. Because youm said: The Nile is my own; I made [it],

                                  References for Ezekiel 29:9

                                    • l 29:9 - Ezk 30:7
                                    • m 29:9 - LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads he
                                      10 therefore, I am against you and your Nile. I will turn the land of Egypt into ruins, a desolate waste from Migdol to Syene, as far as the border of Cush.
                                      11 No human foot will pass through it, and no animal foot will pass through it.n It will be uninhabited for 40 years.

                                      References for Ezekiel 29:11

                                          12 I will make the land of Egypt a desolation amongo desolate lands, and its cities will be a desolation amongp ruined citiesq for 40 years. I will disperse the Egyptians among the nations and scatter them across the countries.r

                                          References for Ezekiel 29:12

                                            • o 29:12 - Or Egypt the most desolate of
                                            • p 29:12 - Or be the most desolate of
                                            • q 29:12 - Ezk 30:7
                                            • r 29:12 - Ezk 30:23,26
                                              13 "For this is what the Lord God says: At the end of 40 years I will gather the Egyptians from the nations where they were dispersed.s

                                              References for Ezekiel 29:13

                                                  14 I will restore the fortunes of Egypt and bring them back to the land of Pathros, the land of their origin. There they will be a lowly kingdom.
                                                  15 Egypt will be the lowliest of kingdoms and will never again exalt itself over the nations. I will make them so small they cannot rule over the nations.
                                                  16 It will never again be an object of trustt for the house of Israel, drawing attention to their sin of turning to the Egyptians. Then they will know that I am the Lord God ."

                                                  References for Ezekiel 29:16

                                                    • t 29:16 - Ezk 17:15; Isa 20:5; 30:1-3

                                                      Babylon Receives Egypt as Compensation

                                                      17 In the twenty-seventh year in the first [month], on the first [day] of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:

                                                      References for Ezekiel 29:17

                                                          18 "Son of man, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon made his army labor strenuously against Tyre.u Every head was made bald and every shoulder chafed, but he and his army received no compensation from Tyre for the labor he expended against it.

                                                          References for Ezekiel 29:18

                                                            • u 29:18 - Ezk 26:7-12; 30:7
                                                              19 Therefore this is what the Lord God says: I am going to give the land of Egypt to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon,v who will carry off its wealth, seizing its spoil and taking its plunder. This will be his army's compensation.

                                                              References for Ezekiel 29:19

                                                                • v 29:19 - Ezk 30:10,24-25; 32:11
                                                                  20 I have given him the land of Egypt as the pay he labored for, since they worked for Me." [This is] the declaration of the Lord God .
                                                                  21 "In that day I will cause a horn to sproutw for the house of Israel, and I will enable you to speak outx among them. Then they will know that I am the Lord."

                                                                  References for Ezekiel 29:21

                                                                    • w 29:21 - 1 Sm 2:10; Ps 92:10; 132:17
                                                                    • x 29:21 - Ezk 3:27; 24:27; 33:22