The Life-Giving River

1 Then he brought me back to the entrance of the temple and there was water flowing from under the threshold of the temple toward the east, for the temple faced east. The water was coming down from under the south side [of the threshold] of the temple, south of the altar.a

References for Ezekiel 47:1

    • a 47:1 - Ps 46:4; Zch 14:8; Rv 22:1
      2 Next he brought me out by way of the north gate and led me around the outside to the outer gate that faced east; there the water was trickling from the south side.
      3 As the man went out east with a measuring line in his hand,b he measured off a third of a milec and led me through the water. It came up to [my] ankles.

      References for Ezekiel 47:3

        • b 47:3 - Ezk 40:3
        • c 47:3 - Lit 1,000 cubits; also in vv. 4-5
          4 Then he measured off a third [of a mile] and led me through the water. It came up to [my] knees. He measured off another third [of a mile] and led me through [the water]. It came up to [my] waist.
          5 Again he measured off a third of a [mile], and it was a river that I could not cross [on foot]. For the water had risen; it was deep enough to swim in, a river that could not be crossed [on foot].
          6 He asked me, "Do you see [this], son of man?" Then he led me back to the bank of the river.
          7 When I had returned, I saw a very large number of trees along both sides of the riverbank.d

          References for Ezekiel 47:7

              8 He said to me, "This water flows out to the eastern region and goes down to the Arabah. When it enters the sea, the sea of foul water,ef the water [of the sea] becomes fresh.g

              References for Ezekiel 47:8

                • e 47:8 - Or enters the sea, being brought out to the sea; Hb obscure
                • f 47:8 - the Dead Sea
                • g 47:8 - Ex 15:26; 2 Kg 2:21
                  9 Every [kind of] living creature that swarmsh will live wherever the river flows,i and there will be a huge number of fishj because this water goes there. Since the water will become fresh, there will be life everywhere the river goes.

                  References for Ezekiel 47:9

                    • h 47:9 - Gn 1:21
                    • i 47:9 - LXX, Vg; MT reads the two rivers flow
                    • j 47:9 - Lk 5:6; Jn 21:6
                      10 Fishermen will stand beside it from En-gedi to En-eglaim.k These will become places where nets are spread out to dry. Their fish will consist of many different kinds, like the fish of the Mediterranean Sea.

                      References for Ezekiel 47:10

                        • k 47:10 - Two springs near the Dead Sea
                          11 Yet its swamps and marshes will not be healed; they will be left for salt.
                          12 All [kinds of] trees providing food will grow along both banks of the river. Their leaves will not wither, and their fruit will not fail.l Each month they will bear fresh fruit because the water [comes] from the sanctuary. Their fruit will be used for food and their leaves for medicine."m

                          References for Ezekiel 47:12

                              The Borders of the Land

                              13 This is what the Lord God says: "This isn the border you will [use to] divide the lando as an inheritance for the 12 tribes of Israel. Joseph will receive two shares.p

                              References for Ezekiel 47:13

                                • n 47:13 - Tg, Vg; Syr reads The valley of
                                • o 47:13 - Nm 34:2-12
                                • p 47:13 - Gn 48:15-16; Jos 16:4-17:18
                                  14 You will inherit it in equal portions, since I sworeq to give it to your ancestors. So this land will fall to you as an inheritance.

                                  References for Ezekiel 47:14

                                    • q 47:14 - Lit lifted My hand
                                      15 "This is to be the border of the land: On the north side it will extend from the Mediterranean Sea by way of Hethlon and Lebo-hamath to Zedad,r

                                      References for Ezekiel 47:15

                                        • r 47:15 - LXX; MT reads [and] Lebo to Zedad, Hamath; Ezk 48:1
                                          16 Berothah, and Sibraim (which is between the border of Damascus and the border of Hamath), [as far as] Hazer-hatticon, which is on the border of Hauran.
                                          17 So the border will run from the sea to Hazar-enon at the border of Damascus, with the territory of Hamath to the north. This will be the northern side.
                                          18 On the east side it will run between Hauran and Damascus, along the Jordan between Gilead and the land of Israel; you will measure from the [northern] border to the eastern sea.s This will be the eastern side.

                                          References for Ezekiel 47:18

                                              19 On the south side it will run from Tamar to the waters of Meribath-kadesh,t and on to the Brook [of Egypt] as far as the Mediterranean Sea. This will be the southern side.

                                              References for Ezekiel 47:19

                                                • t 47:19 - Kadesh-barnea
                                                  20 On the west side the Mediterranean Sea will be the border, from the [southern] border up to a point opposite Lebo-hamath. This will be the western side.
                                                  21 "You are to divide this land among yourselves according to the tribes of Israel.
                                                  22 You will allot it as an inheritance for yourselves and for the foreigners living among you, who have fathered children among you. You will treat themu like native-born Israelites; along with you, they will be allotted an inheritance among the tribes of Israel.

                                                  References for Ezekiel 47:22

                                                    • u 47:22 - Lit They will be to you
                                                      23 In whatever tribe the foreigner lives, you will assign his inheritance there." [This is] the declaration of the Lord God .